Hohenzollerns


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hohenzollerns

 

a dynasty of Brandenburg electors (1415-1701), Prussian kings (1701-1918), and German emperors (1871-1918). The Hohenzollerns primarily expressed the interests of the reactionary junkers, and in the era of imperialism, they also expressed the interests of monopoly capital. They traced their descent from the Franconian branch of the Swabian count’s family. In 1415 a representative of that family, the burgrave of Nuremberg, Frederick VI, received Brandenburg as a fief. Under the name of Frederick I, he became the forefather of the Hohenzollern dynasty in Brandenburg-Prussia.

Among the main Hohenzollerns were Frederick William (elector from 1640 to 1688) and Frederick III, who ruled from 1688 to 1713 and became King Frederick I of Prussia in 1701. Other Hohenzollerns were Frederick II (king from 1740 to 1786), Frederick William III (king from 1797 to 1840), Frederick William IV (king from 1840 to 1861), William I (king of Prussia from 1861 to 1888 and German emperor from 1871 to 1888), and William II (emperor from 1888 to 1918; deposed by the November Revolution of 1918).

The representatives of the Swabian line of the Hohenzollerns were the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty, who occupied the Rumanian throne from 1866 to 1947.

REFERENCES

Marx, K. “Podvigi Gogentsollernov.” In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 6.
Marx, K. “Bozhestvennoe pravo Gogentsollernov.” Ibid., vol. 12.
Genealogie des Gesamthauses Hohenzollern. Berlin, 1905.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many critics have expressed anger that the Hohenzollerns are now trying to get these treasures back, depleting public collections.
Prince Georg Friedrich of Prussia, the great-great-grandson of Kaiser Wilhelm II and the current head of the Hohenzollern family, argued that a 1998 agreement under which St Goar granted the hotel next to the ruins a 99-year leasehold amounted to a sale.
He often appeared in uniform himself, Clark says, which came to characterize the Hohenzollerns, but he was hesitant to get his beloved army bloodied abroad.
4 The Wall approximately divided the city between what had been the affluent west and the much poorer east, with which went most of the formal Hohenzollern city centre.
Hostile towards the Weimar Republic, the Protestant clergy sided with its archconservative enemies and longed for the restoration of the Hohenzollerns. Therefore, when the National Socialists came to power in 1933 and appeared to replace "political chaos" and "free thinking" of the Weimar era with the older political and religious virtues, Protestant officials and clergymen initially responded enthusiastically.
In Eastern Europe, however, under the empires of the Hapsburgs, Romanovs, Hohenzollerns, and finally the communists, modern nations--and modern individualism--never fully emerged.
As for the Windsors, they will soon go the way of the Romanovs and the Hohenzollerns. But should historians attempt to peer into the future?
In the jazz-age, Berlin had at last grown out of provinciality and the Hohenzollerns. It was the great throbbing modern metropolis, the Grossstadt of George Grosz and Otto Dix.
'Vicky' was convinced that the Hohenzollerns were running Germany on the rocks, as she said.
When the elector of Saxony turns Catholic in order to get Poland, it suits the Hohenzollerns to sponsor a popular piety that is vital, non-denominational, and ultimately revivalistic.
The NeoClassical Gate(1) was the main one in the western side of the customs(2) wall that surrounded the city in the eighteenth century, and the Platz is at the west end of Unter den Linden, the ceremonial axis of the city, down which the victorious troops of all regimes from the Hohenzollerns to the DDR have marched in triumph.
In 1525 Albrecht of Hohenzollern, Grand Master of the Order, accepted Lutheranism, secularized the state, and created a duchy as a fief of Poland.