Hokan


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Hokan

 

a group of linguistically related North American Indian tribes that include the Shasta, Achomawi, Karok, Pomo, and Yuma (see). In the early 17th century the Hokan inhabited the periphery of modern California. It has been suggested that they were the descendants of the area’s most ancient inhabitants, who had been supplanted by Indians of other language groups. All the Hokan were at the early tribal stage, engaging primarily in the gathering of wild grasses, roots, and acorns. Fishing and hunting were secondary occupations.

Many Hokan tribes were exterminated or died out as a result of the colonization of California, first by the Spanish and later by the USA; the attrition was particularly heavy during the California gold rush of 1849–51. According to the 1970 census, there are approximately 6,000 Hokan. The Hokan live in rural areas together with other Indians and in the cities of California; they subsist primarily by working as hired laborers.

References in periodicals archive ?
People speaking languages of the putative Hokan stock are distributed around the margins of the area occupied by Penutian speakers, implying to some archaeologists that the latter expanded at the expense of the former (Moratto 1984:207).
Hokan From to follow-up on the possibility for a second young Seychellois to be able to travel to Sweden to also open her horizon in the field of music, said Minister St.
Included also are several articles on the Hokan family, a much more controversial grouping, the validity of which is still inconclusive to this day.
Chuck Hokans has been promoted to senior vice president and chief marketing officer at United Bankers' Bank in Bloomington, Minn.
Phillips and Hokans (1994) call attention to the need for studies regarding ambulatory care services and homeless clients.
To justify the expense of a highly trained nurse, his/her required skills and contributions to care must be identified and defined (Phillips & Hokans, 1994).
Delorey and his wife Rebecca of Myock, NC; her two sisters, Joyce Hokans of Worcester and Judith Jepson and her husband Walter of Spencer, MA; her beloved five grandchildren, Nicole Genevieve Pouliot and her husband Jon of Stoughton, Amanda Grayson Delorey, Brooke Rogers Delorey, Haven Daggett Delorey and Grayson Howland Delorey of Moyock, NC; her great grandson, Wesley Richard Towle, whom she so adored; and her special companions, her dogs Kurt and Teddy.
Which meant that Hokans probably didn't have much time for the different types of music the young Chadwick was listening to on the AM radio at the time.
Even so, Hokans and the All Saints Church choir experiences and lessons left lasting impressions.
of Natick, MA, and Joyce Hokans of Shrewsbury, MA; aunts and uncles, Patrick & Amy McCarter of Charlotte, NC, and Meaghan & Jason Diaz of Wethersfield, CT; and cousins, Adelaide, Grady, Mabel, Lucia, and Lyla.
She is survived by three daughters, Joyce Hokans, Janet Delorey and Judith Jepson and her husband, Walter, all of Shrewsbury; her brother, Rudolph D.
She is survived by her three daughters, Joyce Hokans, Janet Delorey, and Judith Jepson and her husband Walter, all of Shrewsbury; her brother, Rudolph D.