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Holguín(ōlgēn`), city (1994 est. pop. 246,000), capital of Holguín prov., E Cuba. It is a prosperous commercial center and transportation hub in a fertile region of diversified agriculture. Often called "Cuba's granary," Holguín is located in a region where corn, beans, sugarcane, tobacco, and cattle are raised. Most exports are handled by its port, Gibara. The city, founded in 1523, was named for Garcia Holguín, a 16th-century conquistador in Mexico. It was moved to its present site in the 18th cent.
a city in Cuba, in Holguín Province. Population, 131,000 (1970). The city of Holguín is the trading center of an agricultural region producing sugarcane, tobacco, coffee, and fruit. Industries in the city process food and tobacco and manufacture textiles, leather footwear, and building materials. With the technical assistance of the USSR, a plant for the assembly of machinery used in the harvesting of sugarcane is under construction (1974).