Hollein, Hans

Hollein, Hans,

1934–2014, Austrian architect and designer. He studied with Mies van der RoheMies van der Rohe, Ludwig
, 1886–1969, German-American architect. A pioneer of modern architecture and one of its most influential figures, he is famous for his minimalist architectural dictum "less is more." In Germany, he was an assistant to Peter Behrens.
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, Frank Lloyd WrightWright, Frank Lloyd,
1867–1959, American architect, b. Richland Center, Wis., as Frank Lincoln Wright; he changed his name to honor his mother's family (the Lloyd Joneses). Wright is widely considered the greatest American architect.
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, and Richard NeutraNeutra, Richard Joseph
, 1892–1970, American architect, born and educated in Vienna. Although Neutra worked for a time with Eric Mendelsohn and later with Frank Lloyd Wright, after he opened his own practice in Los Angeles in 1926 he adhered to a more functionalist
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. Opening his own practice in 1964, he established an international reputation with a series of small architectural projects, the first and best known of which was the sleek, aluminum-wrapped Retti Candle Shop, Vienna (1966). A leading practitioner of postmodernismpostmodernism,
term used to designate a multitude of trends—in the arts, philosophy, religion, technology, and many other areas—that come after and deviate from the many 20th-cent. movements that constituted modernism.
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, he combined elements of traditional architecture with modernist touches, often in a witty and playful way. Among his many later and larger buildings are the triangular Museum of Modern Art, Frankfurt (1981), the multicolored Austrian Embassy, Berlin (2001), and Vulcania, a volcanism museum and theme park, Auvergne (2002). Hollein also designed a variety of products, from furniture and doorknobs to sunglasses, silverware, and jewelry. He taught at the Düsseldorf Academy of Arts (1967–76), the Univ. of Applied Art, Vienna (1967–86), and at several American universities. In 1985 he was awarded the Pritzker PrizePritzker Prize,
officially The Pritzker Architecture Prize
, award for excellence in architecture, given annually since 1979. Largely modeled on the Nobel Prize, it is the premier architectural award in the United States and is named for the family that founded the
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.

Bibliography

See museum catalog ed. by P. Weibel (2012).

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