Tree Hollow

(redirected from Hollow-bearing)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tree Hollow

 

a cavity formed in the trunk by the destruction of the internal tissues. The formation of tree hollows is usually the result of the vital activity of several species of saprophytic fungi and bacteria, often with the aid of ants and birds (woodpeckers).

Hollows occur most often in the trunks of old trees, and they develop slowly. Mammals, birds, and insects often live in hollows. Trees with hollows grow poorly and later die because they lose their solidity and are easily broken by wind. If trees with hollows are treated in time, the life of the tree may be prolonged. Treatment consists of the removal of all decayed tissue from the cavity; when the walls have been scraped down to the healthy wood, they are disinfected with 1 percent solution of Formalin or mercuric chloride or with a 3-5 percent solution of iron or copper vitriol and covered with an insulating coating. Small tree hollows are then sealed with wood plugs and large ones with a mixture of clay, sand, and rubble, after which they are covered with cement. In many tree varieties, hollows are treated in autumn, but birches, maples, and poplars are treated from the end of May until July because the early spring flow of sap destroys the insulation coating.

V. A. KOLESNIKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To the wildlife biologist, an old hollow-bearing tree is critical habitat for an endangered species.
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They support the high value of older, larger, hollow-bearing trees as important refuges for wildlife, and calls to conserve hollow-rich habitats immediately (Gibbons and Lindenmayer 2002, Isaac et al.
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The definition of Zone 1A habitat for Leadbeater's Possum, which identifies habitat in State Forest to be excluded from timber harvesting, has been revised from 12 or more live, mature hollow-bearing ash trees per three hectare patch to 10 or more live, mature or senescent hollow-bearing ash trees per three hectare patch (DELWP 2015b).
2011b), which possibly reflects a lower number of hollow-bearing trees in the coastal forests, and the high diversity and abundance of small terrestrial species.
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