Dito de outro modo, a multiplicacao a esquerda do ideal pelo operador [q.sup.1.sub.0] tem o efeito de estender um holon
a partir do holon
atual (e local) [x.sub.j] no sentido negativo (34) de x, ao passo que a multiplicacao do ideal a esquerda pelo operador [q.sup.a.sub.0] faz estender a holons
de distancia a partir holon
atual no sentido negativo de x.
(7) Here we can introduce another important dimension of Wilber's model: his theory of "holons
," a term borrowed from Arthur Koestler to describe the way that every whole is always already a part of some larger whole.
the structural aspects and quadrants in holons
); it showed how these constructs connect and form a whole entity (i.e.
Based on the term 'holon
' (an entity which is a "whole" and a "part" at the same time) the model is inspired from living organisms and social organizations, and is still one of the most promising models in modem manufacturing.
The hierarchical organization of holons
into the so-called holarchy is illustrated in Fig.
This role is played by holons
belonging to more than one Holon
For example, in the objective, observable-from-the-outside domain, a person's body is a holon
comprising the holons
of atoms, molecules, cells, and organs.
Especially true for the holonic organisation, in which independent holons
will be making interdependent decisions independently (Sprague, 1993).
Three of them stand out in this reporter's mind: (a) the "holon
" as the fundamental unit of analysis, (b) the four forms of validity claims, and (c) the nature and direction of socio-economic evolution.
Holonic biological organisms are organized in a multilayer structure where each level consists of subsystems, holons
Information technology is the key to the holonic network since like an organic creature information must reach a wide range of holons
and individuals or entities within the holon
When it comes to the role of hierarchy in holons
, Wilber (1996, pp.