leucocephala supplemented (% of DM) Items 0 20 40 60 80 SE Population of rumen protozoa Holotrich ([log.sub.10]) 4.0 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1 0.18 Entodiniomorph ([log.sub.10]) 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.5 0.07 Total protozoa ([log.sub.10]) 9.5 9.4 9.6 9.3 9.6 0.19 Contrast Items L Q C Population of rumen protozoa Holotrich ([log.sub.10]) ns ns ns Entodiniomorph ([log.sub.10]) ns ns ns Total protozoa ([log.sub.10]) ns ns ns DM, dry matter; SE, standard error; L, linear contrast; Q, quadratic contrast; C, cubic contrast.
Total protozoa numbers, holotrichs, and entodiniomorph in the rumen of cattle were not affected at 6 h after intake of L.
No nematocysts found in primary tentacles; secondary tentacles with sparse, relatively smaller euryteles (5.4-9.5 X 3.3-5.6 [micro]m, n = 10) and no holotrichs
The protozoa were differentiated into large (>100 pm) and small (<100 [micro]m) holotrich
and entodiniomorph groupings.
Sequestration of holotrich protozoa in the reticulo-rumen of cattle.
The role of holotrichs in the metabolism of dietary linoleic acid in the rumen.
Influence of cassava substitution for corn meal on population of rumen microbes in growing goat fed on fed on elephant grass as a roughage Cassava levels in concentrate (%) Attribute T1 (0) T2 (25) T3 (50) Cassava chip 0.00 12.50 25.00 levels (DM basis) Total direct count Bacteria (x [10.sup.10] cell/ml) 0 h-post feeding 1.60 1.40 1.40 4 1.20 1.31 1.10 Mean 1.41 1.35 1.30 Total protozoa (x [10.sup.6] cell/ml) 0 h-post feeding 2.16 3.04 2.99 4 2.65 2.78 3.18 Mean 2.41 2.90 3.08 Holotrich
At the outer limits of stability, very dense arrays of very long cnidae in defensive structures (e.g., capsule lengths [congruent to] 90 [micro]m for Metridium acontial amastigophores and Anthopleura acrorhagial holotrichs
; Hand, 1955) actually do cause local tissue disintegration during firing (Abel, 1954; Francis, 1973b, Kramer and Francis, 2004).
Rumen metabolite revealed treatment effect for total volatile fatty acids (TVFA) acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acids, holotrichs
, spirotrichs and total protozoal population (Table 5).