Holstein

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Holstein,

former duchy, N central Germany, the part of Schleswig-Holstein S of the Eider River. Kiel and Rendsburg were the chief cities. For a description of Holstein and for its history after 1814, see Schleswig-HolsteinSchleswig-Holstein
, state (1994 pop. 2,595,000), c.6,050 sq mi (15,670 sq km), NW Germany. Kiel (the capital and chief port), Lübeck, Flensburg, and Neumünster are the major cities.
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. For a time part of the duchy of Saxony, Holstein was created (1111) a county of the Holy Roman Empire and was bestowed on Adolf of Schauenburg. In 1459, Holstein's Christian I, a Danish heir to the throne, established a personal union with Denmark, to the great displeasure of the German majority. In 1474, Emperor Frederick III raised Holstein to a duchy under the immediate suzerainty of the Holy Roman Empire (as distinct from Schleswig, which was outside the imperial jurisdiction).

Holstein

a region of N Germany, in S Schleswig-Holstein: in early times a German duchy of Saxony; became a duchy of Denmark in 1474; finally incorporated into Prussia in 1866
References in periodicals archive ?
This study was performed on a total group of 109 Polish Holstein-Friesian cows, kept on one of the West Pomeranian cattle farms.
Environmental factors affecting milk production in the Holstein-Friesian population of Zimbabwe.
Ninety per cent of cattle in industrialised countries fall into just six breeds, and black and white Holstein-Friesian cows, which originally hail from the Netherlands, are now found in 128 countries.
Pit-1 gene polymorphism, milk yield, and conformation traits for Italian Holstein-Friesian bulls.
Autumn Herd: The herd increased from 101 to 135 pedigree Holstein-Friesian cows, and the yield dropped from an average of 8,371 litres in 2004 to 6,771 last year but showed increased butterfat from 3.
Alun, who lives with his mother, currently has 90 Holstein-Friesian milkers on his 250 acres at Penderi Farm, having reduced slightly from 120 milkers three years ago.
Each night he checks his 200 Holstein-Friesian cattle at Hendy Farm, on the outskirts of Caernarfon.
Their Holstein-Friesian cows were housed to the side of the farmhouse and had to traipse past their front doorstep for daily milking.
The company makes traditional cheeses using milk from Holstein-Friesian cows at 500-acre Abertanat Farmnear Llansantffraid.
They get 18p/litre for their milk from Glanbia and Mr Evans, 44, says his 130 Holstein-Friesian cows at Treiddon, Bodorgan, are struggling to pay their way.
But Mr Jones says he closed his Holstein-Friesian herd in 1973 precisely for this reason - to avoid buying in diseased animals.