List of Holy Roman Emperors

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Related to Holy Roman Emperor: Charlemagne

Related article: Holy Roman Empire Holy Roman Empire,
designation for the political entity that originated at the coronation as emperor (962) of the German king Otto I and endured until the renunciation (1806) of the imperial title by Francis II.
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(including dates of reign)

Saxon dynasty
Otto I, 936–73
Otto II, 973–83
Otto III, 983–1002
Henry II, 1002–24

Salian or Franconian dynasty
Conrad II, 1024–39
Henry III, 1039–56
Henry IV, 1056–1105
Henry V, 1105–25
Lothair II, duke of Saxony, 1125–37

Hohenstaufen dynasty and rivals
Conrad III, 1138–52
Frederick I, 1152–90
Henry VI, 1190–97
Philip of Swabia, 1198–1208
antiking: Otto IV (Guelph), 1198–1208
Otto IV, 1208–15 (king, 1208–12; emperor, 1209–15)
Frederick II, 1212–50 (king, 1212–20; emperor, 1220–50)
Conrad IV, 1237–54
antiking: Henry Raspe, 1246–47
antiking: William, count of Holland, 1247–56

Interregnum, 1254–73
Richard, earl of Cornwall, and Alfonso X of Castile, rivals

Hapsburg, Luxemburg, and other dynasties
Rudolf I (Hapsburg), 1273–91
Adolf of Nassau, 1292–98
Albert I (Hapsburg), 1298–1308
Henry VII (Luxemburg), 1308–13
Louis IV (Wittelsbach), 1314–46
Charles IV (Luxemburg), 1346–78
Wenceslaus (Luxemburg), 1378–1400
Rupert (Wittelsbach), 1400–1410
Sigismund (Luxemburg), 1410–37

Hapsburg dynasty
Albert II, 1438–39
Frederick III, 1440–93
Maximilian I, 1493–1519
Charles V, 1519–58
Ferdinand I, 1558–64
Maximilian II, 1564–76
Rudolf II, 1576–1612
Matthias, 1612–19
Ferdinand II, 1619–37
Ferdinand III, 1637–57
Leopold I, 1658–1705
Joseph I, 1705–11
Charles VI, 1711–40

Interregnum (1740–42) and other dynasties
Charles VII (Wittelsbach-Hapsburg), 1742–45
Francis I (Lorraine), 1745–65

Hapsburg-Lorraine dynasty
Joseph II, 1765–90
Leopold II, 1790–92
Francis II, 1792–1806
References in periodicals archive ?
Holy Roman Emperor was the only other stallion to surpass 30 individual two-year-old winners, on 34, while Rathbarry Stud's Acclamation confirmed himself a fine source of precocious talent with 28.
Clockwise from left: Great Heavens shines for dam Magnificient Style; Frankel, whose sire and breeder win awards; Homecoming Queen gives Holy Roman Emperor a boost
SEPTEMBER 17 2006 - down to 6-1 after flooring Holy Roman Emperor in the National Stakes.
The pair were sent off the 13-8 joint favourites after a late plunge on Bryan Smart's Yorkshire raider, who had Holy Roman Emperor back in 15th when taking the Coventry Stakes at Royal Ascot.
42) Sister of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, Eleanor was an important political ally and, in prospect anyhow, she was an important addition to the family (in the event, Francois is reported to have spent most of the wedding celebrations with the duchesse d'Etampes).
Both were to the fore in that year's winter Classic betting but by May the following year Holy Roman Emperor was already covering mares at Coolmore to fill the void left by the infertile George Washington while Teofilo was beset by the beginnings of problems that would prevent his return to the track.
The retirement of Holy Roman Emperor to stud in March left Ballydoyle without an obvious Guineas contender, but the yard has unearthed several potentially top milers in recent weeks.
Meanwhile, punters were quick to vent their anger at the decision to replace George Washington at stud with last year's leading two-year-old Holy Roman Emperor.
Aidan O'Brien's Holy Roman Emperor, who was sent off the 4-9 favourite yesterday, was a length and a half behind and is now out to 10-1 with Paddy Power for the first Classic of 2007.
Holy Roman Emperor produced a heavenly performance to rule at the Curragh and give Aidan O'Brien his eighth victory in the Independent Waterford Wedgwood Phoenix Stakes yesterday.
Chapters 6 and 7 describe Galeazzo's (for the most part) failed courtship of the rich and famous, the hundreds of thousands of ducats he expended in an attempt to obtain a legitimate title to the Milanese throne from either the pope or the Holy Roman Emperor, both his and his wife's longterm extra-marital affairs, and his other time-consuming sexual relationships (which, Lubkin emphasizes, were alternately hetero- and homoerotic in nature).
Grun's early works include a significant cycle of poems, Der letzte Ritter (1830; The Last Knight ), celebrating the life and adventures of the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I.