Holz, Arno(är`nō hôlts), 1863–1929, German critic and poet. His influence as a founder of the German naturalist school and as a critic is more important than his work itself. He was particularly influential in the development of Hauptmann. Among his works are the realistic sketches Papa Hamlet (with Johannes Schlaf, 1889); the drama Die Familie Selicke (also with Schlaf, 1890); Die Kunst [art] (1891); and the poems Phantasus (1898–99).
Born Apr. 26, 1863, in Rastenburg; died Oct. 26, 1929, in Berlin. German writer and literary critic.
With the collection of poems The Book of the Time (1886) Holz demonstrated an interest in sharp social contrasts. Together with J. Schlaf he published the collection of naturalistic short stories Papa Hamlet (1889; Holz used the pen name Bjarne P. Holmsen), the drama The Selicke Family (1890), and the collection of essays New Tracks (1892). Holz formulated the theoretical basis of naturalism in his work Art, Its Essence and Its Laws (vols. 1–2, 1891–92). Phantasus (parts 1–2, 1898–99), which is a narrative poem on cosmogonic themes, and such dramas as The Unknowable (1913) represent a turn to mysticism and expresionism.
WORKSWerke, vols. 1–7. Neuwied am Rhein-Berlin, 1961–64.
REFERENCESIstoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1968. Pages 241–46.
Mehring, F. “Delo Gol’tsa.” In his book Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964. (Translated from German.)
Berthold, S. Der sogenannte “Konsequente Naturalismus” von A. Holz und J. Schlaf (dissertation). Bonn, 1967.