Homestead strike

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Homestead strike,

in U.S. history, a bitterly fought labor dispute. On June 29, 1892, workers belonging to the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers struck the Carnegie Steel Company at Homestead, Pa. to protest a proposed wage cut. Henry C. FrickFrick, Henry Clay,
1849–1919, American industrialist, b. Westmoreland co., Pa. He worked on his father's farm, was a store clerk, and did bookkeeping before he and several associates organized (1871) Frick & Company to operate coke ovens in the Connellsville coal
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, the company's general manager, determined to break the union. He hired 300 Pinkerton detectives to protect the plant and strikebreakers. After an armed battle between the workers and the detectives on July 6, in which several men were killed or wounded, the governor called out the state militia. The plant opened, nonunion workers stayed on the job, and the strike, which was officially called off on Nov. 20, was broken. The Homestead strike led to a serious weakening of unionism in the steel industry until the 1930s.

Homestead Strike


a strike of workers at the steelworks in Homestead, Pa., from June to November 1892, one of the sharpest class conflicts in the history of the US workers’ movement of the late 19th and early 20th century. The immediate cause of the strike was the lockout announced on June 30 in answer to the workers’ protests against the company’s demands for lower wages. Approximately 8,000 people took part in the strike. On July 12 troops were brought into the city, but the workers continued the struggle until November 20. A major reason for the defeat of the strike was the refusal of the leaders of the American Federation of Labor to organize a movement of solidarity with the strikers.

References in periodicals archive ?
Consider the Homestead Steel strike in 1892, the Pullman strike of 1893 or the Chicago Haymarket riots of 1886.
Others in the 'American Workers' series cover specific events in labor history: Nancy Whitelaw's The Homestead Steel Strike Of 1892 (1931798885) covers conflicts between workers and Carnegie and Frick, who had to deal with a powerful labor union; Rosemary Laughlin's The Ludlow Massacre Of 1813-14 (1931798869) tells of a Colorado strike by mine workers which turned into bloodshed, and her Pullman Strike Of 1894 (1931798893) reveals the first major strike at the Pullman Palace Car Company.
This scenario may fit neatly into the turbulent sweep of current labor relations lore, but the event flashes back to the dawn of American industrial capitalism: The great Homestead Steel Strike of 1892.