The reason it is so eerie to think of a Neanderthal making a hand-image is that the painted hands - not to mention bison, horses and mammoths - found in European caves have come to be seen as the moment when the modern human mind itself is born: the first evidence not just of the intelligence of Homo sapiens
but our capacity to imagine and dream, to reflect, in short to possess consciousness.
Until now, the oldest Homo sapiens
fossils outside Africa had come from two other cave sites in Israel, including one also on Mount Carmel, about 90,000 to 120,000 years old.
This will help us to understand in what directions Homo sapiens
spread from Africa.
Los restos fosiles de la cultura neandertal, que se han encontrado en el sur de la Peninsula Iberica, indicaban que efectivamente hace unos 30 mil anos se habrian extinguido, lo que corresponderia con la llegada de los Homo sapiens
, quienes--se planteaba--los habian obligado a refugiarse en esa region.
Tattersal, longtime curator of anthropology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, uses his formidable knowledge of paleoanthropology to explain why our species, Homo sapiens
, has come to dominate the planet in the brief time of 50,000 years or so.
Man alive: Homo erectus were bigger and more evolved than homo sapiens
Rather than focus on the illusory progress of Homo sapiens
, Shea argues, archaeologists should study variations of human behavior from place to place.
We modern humans have the same size heels as those early Homo sapiens
, so next time you run a marathon, thank your heels.
Accepted scientific theory is that Homo sapiens
originated in Africa and migrated out.
The earliest specimens of Homo sapiens
derive from East Africa, at sites such as Herto and Omo, strongly suggesting that modern human morphology evolved in Africa (White et al.
For 60 years the belief has persisted Homo sapiens
were intellectually more advanced than Neanderthals, enabling them to come out top in the competition to survive.
The article presents evidence for the extinction of Homo sapiens
during and following the Last Ice Age; and for the repopulation of the earth since 10,000 BC by the descendants of God's created, biblical Adam and Eve.