Homonomy


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Related to Homonomy: homonymy, Homonyms
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Homonomy

 

the arrangement of similar parts of an organism around its transverse axis or along the axis of a particular organ. Such parts as the rays of fins, digits, feathers, and flower petals were called homonomous or parameral by the German biologist E. Haeckel. Also thus designated are the homogenous body segments of arthropod animals. (Heterogenous segments are called heteronomous.) Homonomy is a particular case of homology.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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According to Patterson (1988: 611), "orthology is the molecular equivalent of classical homology and paralogy is the molecular equivalent of homonomy." Most orthologoues are, however, present in at least two copies in the organism and so fail Patterson's (1982) conjunction test (concerning tests of homology, see below).
People are open purposeful systems, active responsible agents with needs for both autonomy and homonomy and a potential for ideal-seeking.
"The condition of the fullest homonomy is full autonomy and, vice versa, one can attain to autonomy only via successful homonomous experiences (child dependence, care for others, etc.)" (Maslow, 1962, p.