Hong Kong-Canton Strike of 1925–26

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hong Kong-Canton Strike of 1925–26

 

one of the largest and longest strikes in China during the Revolution of 1925–27, involving more than 250,000 people.

On June 19,1925, workers in Hong Kong and in Shameen, an Anglo-French concession in Canton, went on strike to protest the executions carried out by the imperialists in Shanghai on May 30. The strikers abandoned Hong Kong and Shameen for the area controlled by the revolutionary Canton government, called the National Government of the Chinese Republic from July 1,1925. A strike committee headed by Su Chao-cheng, Teng Chung-hsia, and other Chinese Communist Party leaders was established in Canton. Armed picket lines were set up to ensure the economic blockade of Hong Kong and the boycott of British goods in Kwangtung Province. The British imperialists threatened revolutionary Canton with military intervention. On the initiative of workers in the USSR, a vigorous campaign of international proletarian solidarity was launched.

The strike weakened Great Britain’s economic and political influence in South China and strengthened the revolutionary base in Kwangtung. It was ended on Oct. 10,1926, by a decision of the strike committee and the National Government in order to protect the rear of the National Revolutionary Army during the northern campaign in 1926–27.

T. N. AKATOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.