Their obsession with the Bible and the gun betrayed Hong Xiuquan
's efforts to transform Christianity into a driving force of national and cultural liberation in China.
(23) A label tells us that the man in the painting is of course Hong Xiuquan
, who in his painting stands before an altar table and smashes the spirit tablet of Confucius by throwing a heavy bronze vessel on it.
The Taiping rebels proclaimed that the Christian God known as Shangdi (the Supreme God of ancient China) had anointed Hong Xiuquan
to overthrow the Qing dynasty and establish a "Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace" (Taiping Tianguo).
was already dead, having died of natural causes only weeks before.
committed suicide after Qing armies had decimated his followers.
In 1837 Hong Xiuquan
, unsuccessful aspirant to the lowest examination rank and from a Hakka ethnic background, had a vision that lasted several days and nights.
(1814-1864) was a peculiar revolutionary mystic in modern Chinese history.
Minutiae and epic scope are brilliantly blended in this tragic portrait of Hong Xiuquan
(1814-64), the religious visionary whose popular rebellion almost toppled the Qing dynasty in the mid-19th century.
39) in Taiping founder Hong Xiuquan
's home in the Canton delta, preventing Hong from finding an audience at home for his pseudo-Christian vision.
When the Quing government sent forces to quell the efforts of Hong Xiuquan
who had declared himself the heavenly King of the Taiping Tiango, they met with defeat.
When it became known, however, that Hong Xiuquan
believed that his revelation superseded that of the New Testament, many Westerners turned against the Taiping Christians.