Honolulu


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Honolulu

(hŏn'əlo͞o`lo͞o, hōnō–), city (1990 pop. 365,272), capital of the state of Hawaii and seat of Honolulu co., on the southeast coast of the island of OahuOahu
, island (1990 pop. 836,231), 593 sq mi (1,536 sq km), third largest and chief island of Hawaii, part of Honolulu co., between Molokai and Kauai. Oahu is composed of two parallel mountain ranges (Waianae and Koolau) that are separated by a rolling plain dissected by deep
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. The city and county are legally coextensive, and both are governed by the same mayor and council. With ship and air connections to the U.S. mainland, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand, Honolulu is the crossroads of the Pacific, as well as the economic center and principal port of the Hawaiian Islands. The city is famous for its beauty and the variety of its ethnic groups. It lies on a narrow plain between the sea and the Koolau Range and climbs the slopes of Punchbowl.

Bypassed by Capt. James Cook when he explored the islands in 1778, Honolulu's harbor was entered in 1794 by William Brown, an English captain. Honolulu's history from 1820, when missionaries arrived on the islands, is much the same as that of Hawaii. Growing from a settlement of mud huts into the main residence of Hawaiian royalty and later of foreign consuls, Honolulu became the permanent capital of the kingdom of Hawaii in 1845. In the 19th cent., American and European whalers and sandalwood traders visited its port, and Honolulu was occupied successively by Russian, British, and French forces. It remained Hawaii's capital when the islands were annexed by the United States in 1898 and achieved statehood in 1959. The Japanese bombed Pearl HarborPearl Harbor,
land-locked harbor, on the southern coast of Oahu island, Hawaii, W of Honolulu; one of the largest and best natural harbors in the E Pacific Ocean. In the vicinity are many U.S. military installations, including the chief U.S.
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, the naval base at Honolulu, on Dec. 7, 1941, and during World War II the port became a strategic naval base and a staging area for U.S. forces in the Pacific.

Since the war, a rise in tourism, diversification of industry, and construction of luxury hotels and housing developments have made Honolulu the business and population center of Hawaii. Increased peacetime defense activity at the many military installations in the area (Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard, Schofield Barracks, and Camp H. M. Smith, headquarters of the U.S. Pacific Command), expansion of harbor facilities, and the completion of an international airport further aided the city's growth. Honolulu's other industries include jewelry, printing and publishing, clothing, food and beverages, rubber products, construction materials, and electronics and computer equipment. Major redevelopment of the Honolulu Harbor area was undertaken in the 1990s.

The largest of Honolulu's parks is Kapiolani, containing a zoo, an aquarium, and Waikiki Shell, where the Honolulu Symphony gives concerts. The Honolulu Botanical Gardens consists of four gardens in and around the city. Also in Honolulu is the Arizona Memorial for the 1,100 who died during the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Notable institutions are the Univ. of Hawaii; the Bishop Museum, noted for its studies of Polynesia; the Honolulu Academy of Arts, known for its Asian and Hawaiian collections; and Kawaiahao Church (1841), where funerals for Hawaiian monarchs and nobility were held. Iolani Palace, the former home of Hawaii's kings, is the only royal palace in the United States. The beach at Waikiki is especially noted for bathing and surfing. The famous Diamond Head crater is nearby.

Honolulu

a port in Hawaii, on S Oahu Island: the state capital. Pop.: 380 149 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Harold Koda, The Metropolitan Museum of Art's Costume Institute curator-in-charge, said: "What's exciting about HONOLULU Fashion Week is that it suggests that there is enough critical mass here-a lot of local talent in Hawaii-to stage such an event.
The daily flight, Bellingham's first nonstop service to Hawaii, is scheduled to depart at 17:20 and arrive in Honolulu at 21:40.
There are a few chain outlets on Honolulu Avenue, including several bank branches, a Quizno's and a Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf.
Two major modern dance companies in Honolulu present works of unique styles.
According to the newspaper, Honolulu mayor Mufi Hannemann announced last week that the new E-transit line from Kaka'ako to Waikiki will be eliminated for lack of ridership, with the new route scheduled to open Tuesday.
I took up the challenge and went to Honolulu in December 1975.
Book air travel to arrive at the Honolulu, Hawaii, airport.
According to a news item in the Honolulu Advertiser, O'ahu currently recycles 500,000 tons of waste annually; however, city officials hope to increase that figure by 69,000 tons by 2005 using the two curbside recycling programs, increasing Honolulu's recycling rate from 32 percent to 38 percent.
And when we step out of the classroom and the exhibit hall, we will be greeted by the warm sun and tropical breeze of Honolulu.
3 million people who live in Hawaii reside in the city and county of Honolulu.
At thirty cents per kilowatt hour, the City of Honolulu pays the highest energy rates in the country, so we deployed Verdiem's PC power management solutions as a key component of our Green-IT initiative and it's already paying dividends," said Gordon Bruce, Director/Chief Information Officer of IT for the City of Honolulu.
10, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- The Honolulu Rainbow EKIDEN relay race is welcoming running enthusiasts worldwide to join in Waikiki and compete on a fun, ocean-view 5-kilometer course highlighted by the scenic beauty of Diamond Head Crater and Kapiolani Park on March 8, 2014.