Honolulu

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Honolulu

(hŏn'əlo͞o`lo͞o, hōnō–), city (1990 pop. 365,272), capital of the state of Hawaii and seat of Honolulu co., on the southeast coast of the island of OahuOahu
, island (1990 pop. 836,231), 593 sq mi (1,536 sq km), third largest and chief island of Hawaii, part of Honolulu co., between Molokai and Kauai. Oahu is composed of two parallel mountain ranges (Waianae and Koolau) that are separated by a rolling plain dissected by deep
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. The city and county are legally coextensive, and both are governed by the same mayor and council. With ship and air connections to the U.S. mainland, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand, Honolulu is the crossroads of the Pacific, as well as the economic center and principal port of the Hawaiian Islands. The city is famous for its beauty and the variety of its ethnic groups. It lies on a narrow plain between the sea and the Koolau Range and climbs the slopes of Punchbowl.

Bypassed by Capt. James Cook when he explored the islands in 1778, Honolulu's harbor was entered in 1794 by William Brown, an English captain. Honolulu's history from 1820, when missionaries arrived on the islands, is much the same as that of Hawaii. Growing from a settlement of mud huts into the main residence of Hawaiian royalty and later of foreign consuls, Honolulu became the permanent capital of the kingdom of Hawaii in 1845. In the 19th cent., American and European whalers and sandalwood traders visited its port, and Honolulu was occupied successively by Russian, British, and French forces. It remained Hawaii's capital when the islands were annexed by the United States in 1898 and achieved statehood in 1959. The Japanese bombed Pearl HarborPearl Harbor,
land-locked harbor, on the southern coast of Oahu island, Hawaii, W of Honolulu; one of the largest and best natural harbors in the E Pacific Ocean. In the vicinity are many U.S. military installations, including the chief U.S.
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, the naval base at Honolulu, on Dec. 7, 1941, and during World War II the port became a strategic naval base and a staging area for U.S. forces in the Pacific.

Since the war, a rise in tourism, diversification of industry, and construction of luxury hotels and housing developments have made Honolulu the business and population center of Hawaii. Increased peacetime defense activity at the many military installations in the area (Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard, Schofield Barracks, and Camp H. M. Smith, headquarters of the U.S. Pacific Command), expansion of harbor facilities, and the completion of an international airport further aided the city's growth. Honolulu's other industries include jewelry, printing and publishing, clothing, food and beverages, rubber products, construction materials, and electronics and computer equipment. Major redevelopment of the Honolulu Harbor area was undertaken in the 1990s.

The largest of Honolulu's parks is Kapiolani, containing a zoo, an aquarium, and Waikiki Shell, where the Honolulu Symphony gives concerts. The Honolulu Botanical Gardens consists of four gardens in and around the city. Also in Honolulu is the Arizona Memorial for the 1,100 who died during the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Notable institutions are the Univ. of Hawaii; the Bishop Museum, noted for its studies of Polynesia; the Honolulu Academy of Arts, known for its Asian and Hawaiian collections; and Kawaiahao Church (1841), where funerals for Hawaiian monarchs and nobility were held. Iolani Palace, the former home of Hawaii's kings, is the only royal palace in the United States. The beach at Waikiki is especially noted for bathing and surfing. The famous Diamond Head crater is nearby.

Honolulu

a port in Hawaii, on S Oahu Island: the state capital. Pop.: 380 149 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Fashion speciality retailer Nordstrom Inc (NYSE: JWN) announced on Monday plans to open a Nordstrom Rack at Waikiki Trade Centre in Honolulu, Hawaii.
July 8 - 11, 2006 The Campus of the Future Joint Meeting of The National Association of College and University Business Officers; The Society for College and University Planning; and The Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers (www.nacubo.org, www.scup.org, www.appa.org) Honolulu, Hawaii
Major organization : DEPARTMENT OF FACILITY MAINTENANCE, CITY & COUNTY OF HONOLULU, HAWAII.
July 8-11, 2006 The Campus of the Future Joint Meeting of The National Association of College and University Business Officers, The Society for Cortege and University Planning, and The Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers (www.nacubo.org, www.scup.org, www.appa.org) Honolulu, Hawaii
They discussed some of their findings at the International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies (Pacifichem 2000), held 14-19 December 2000 in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Major organization : CITY AND COUNTY OF HONOLULU, HAWAII
HST, at the DHS-CCPO, 820 Mililani Street, Suite 615, Honolulu, Hawaii, 96813.
on March 11, 2016 at the Makamae Community Hall, 21 Kuakini Street, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813.
Marc Yamamoto at 919 Ala Moana Boulevard, Room 413, Honolulu, Hawaii 96814, telephone: 808-587-1215, facsimile: 808-587-1244, e-mail: marc.s.yamamoto@hawaii.gov.
richardson school of law community outreach center (cloc), university of hawaii at manoa, honolulu, hawaii
Allied Pacific Builders Inc., Waipahu, Hawaii; Environet Inc., Kamuela, Hawaii; Hako Plumbing Inc., Honolulu, Hawaii; Heartwood Pacific LLC, Keaau, Hawaii; Raass Brothers Inc., Provo, Utah; and TOMCO Corp., Honolulu, Hawaii, are awarded a combined $95,000,000 firm-fixed-price modification raising the maximum dollar value of an indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity, multiple award, design-build/design-bid-build construction contract for construction projects mainly located within the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC), Hawaii area of operations (AO).