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384–423, Roman emperor of the West (395–423). On the death (395) of Theodosius I, the Roman Empire was divided; ArcadiusArcadius
, c.377–408, Roman emperor of the East (395–408), son and successor of Theodosius I. His brother, Honorius, inherited (395) the West. Henceforth the division between the Eastern and Western empires became permanent.
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, the elder son, received the East, and Honorius, the younger son, received the West. This division proved to be a permanent one. The general StilichoStilicho, Flavius
, d. 408, Roman general, a Vandal. He was the chief general of Theodosius I, whose niece he married. By order of Theodosius, he served after Theodosius' death (395) as the regent for Honorius in the West.
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, as guardian of Honorius, at first controlled the government of the West and defended the empire against the Visigoths. Honorius married (398) Stilicho's daughter, but in 408, influenced by a malicious favorite, Honorius ordered the execution of his general. Alaric IAlaric I
, c.370–410, Visigothic king. He headed the Visigothic troops serving Emperor Theodosius I. After the emperor's death (395) the troops rebelled and chose Alaric as their leader (see Visigoths). Alaric devastated Thrace, Macedonia, and Greece.
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, king of the Visigoths, invaded Italy again in 409 and installed a puppet ruler at Rome, while Honorius remained at Ravenna. Negotiations with Alaric were mishandled by Honorius; infuriated, Alaric stormed and sacked Rome in 410. Alaric's death left AtaulfAtaulf
, d. 415, Visigothic king (410–15). Succeeding his brother-in-law, Alaric I, he abandoned Alaric's scheme of southward expansion and led the Visigoths out of Italy into S Gaul (France) in 412.
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 in command of the Visigoths, who then left Italy to invade Gaul. In 412, Honorius made peace with Ataulf, whom he reluctantly accepted (414) as husband for his sister Galla PlacidiaGalla Placidia
, c.388–450, Roman empress of the West, daughter of Theodosius I. Captured by Alaric I in the course of his Italian campaign, she was held by the Visigoths as a hostage and married (414) Alaric's successor Ataulf.
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. A rival emperor, ConstantineConstantine,
d. 411, Roman general. He was proclaimed emperor by the Roman troops in Britain in 407 and led a revolt in Gaul and Spain against the Western emperor Honorius. He conquered part of Gaul and, through his son Constans, took Spain.
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, was defeated (411) by Honorius' general Constantius, who soon exercised the actual power and who married (417) the widowed Galla Placidia. In 421, Honorius was obliged to accept Constantius as joint emperor (see Constantius IIIConstantius III,
d. 421, Roman emperor of the West (421). In 411, as general of Honorius, he defeated Gerontius and Constantine; thereafter he was the virtual ruler of the West.
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), but Constantius died in the same year. Honorius died two years later; after a usurper was put down by forces from the East, the son of Galla Placidia and Constantius became (425) emperor as Valentinian III. The weak reign of Honorius marked an important stage in the decline of the Western Empire.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In the Gemma anime, or Jewel of the Soul, written by the mysterious twelfth-century theologian Honorius Augustodunensis, the author likens the confecting priest to a tragedian representing 'the battle of Christ to the people in the theatre of the church through his actions' (pugnam Christi populo Christiano in theatro ecclesiae gestibus suis repraesentat).
Conrad of Marburg, Inquisitor of Heretics assigned by Pope Honorius as her spiritual adviser when her husband was alive, remained as her spiritual guide.
The exhibit, blessed by Pope Honorius III, was an attempt to place the emphasis of Christmas on the worship of Christ rather than secular materialism and gift giving.
In September 2017, Pan American University of Sciences and Natural Medicine School of Medicine conferred upon Serge Jurasunas, ND, MD(Hom), professor of naturopathic oncology, the degree of Doctor of Medicine (Honorius Causa) in recognition of his work in the field of alternative medicine, along with his unique contributions to medical science having developed live blood analysis, oxidative dried blood testing, and innovations in the science of iridology.
It was in the time of King Bela, in 1241 after the birth of Christ, in the time of the Roman pope Honorius the Third and the emperor of the Roman Empire Frederick.
Dominic received the bull 'Gratiarum Largitori Omnium' from Pope Honorius III, which first speaks of the 'Order of Preachers.'
In his creation of The Sabine Women, David was aware that Rome was--and still is to a great extent--dominated by the city's imperial walls, predominantly the Servian Wall and the Walls of Aurelian and Honorius. Although these walls were built after the time of Romulus, they demonstrate the power and permanence of the Roman Empire--a concept that David wanted to convey in his painting.
The true Roman Emperor, Honorius, responded that they were on their own again.
Hoye, a professor of systematic theology, Pope Honorius III was the first to articulate something like modern academic freedom.
(38.) See 4.63.3 (Imperatores Honorius, Theodosius), in 4 CODEX JUSTIANUS (Paul Krueger & Theodor Mommsen eds., Weidmannsche Buchhandlung 1877) http://www.archive.org/stream/codexiustinianu00kruegoog#page/n8/mode/2up.