Hoofs


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Hoofs

 

the horny formation at the ends of the digits of some mammals (chiefly the ungulates), representing a modification of claws. Hoofs consist of walls (corresponding to the nail layer), the soles (or sole layer), and the frogs (the digit cushion), which give way to an L -shaped extended sole. Hoofs developed during adaptation for rapid movement on hard terrain, when the weight was placed on the final joints of the digits. Broad flat hoofs are common to animals that travel primarily on relatively soft terrain (such as northern deer); narrow hoofs that are very hard at the end developed for hard, steep terrain (as in goats). Elephant hoofs have thin walls and cover only the front part of the digit tips.

References in classic literature ?
He urged on his mare, and to his delight felt that she easily quickened her pace, and the thud of Gladiator's hoofs was again heard at the same distance away.
he thought, catching the thud of Gladiator's hoofs behind him.
A horse rose close upon him, and in another moment, half rising, he had been borne down under the horse's hoofs.
A hoof missed my brother's foot by a hair's breadth.
I tell you, old trapper, this is no horse; neither in hoofs, head, nor hide.
That time is needed to cool the meadow, for these unshod Teton beasts are as tender on the hoof as a barefooted girl.
I foresee the mighty hoofs of Kauto Star and Denman beating a terrible tattoo for all mankind this afternoon.
Also, the animal shelter had to pay a farrier to file the animals' teeth and trim their hoofs every few months.
The hoofs will gradually straighten themselves out when they are balanced, but the trailers will violently twist and jerk the hoof and pastern joint to the outside, each time that the hoof is set down.
You may not have seen a horse with undershot hoofs.
Horseshoes are only necessary to prevent the hoof from wearing down faster than it can grow out, or to prevent a hoof which, has cracked or chipped badly from becoming worse.
You may think that it isn't possible for the hoof to grow that much, because you never see the farrier nip that much off.