Hook, Sidney,1902–89, American philosopher, b. New York City, grad. City College (B.S., 1923), Ph.D. Columbia Univ., 1927. He taught at New York Univ. (1927–72) and was long head of its philosophy department (1948–69). Originally a Marxist, he wrote The Meaning of Marx (1934) and From Hegel to Marx (1936). Hook later became disenchanted with Marxism and became active in anti-Communist causes. His opinions on American life were expressed in such works as Heresy Yes, Conspiracy No (1953), Common Sense and the Fifth Amendment (1957), The Place of Religion in a Free Society (1968), and Academic Freedom and Academic Anarchy (1970).
See P. Kurtz, ed., Sidney Hook and the Contemporary World (1968).
Born Dec. 20, 1902, in New York City. American idealist philosopher, member of the instrumentalist school of J. Dewey. Professor at New York University (1939–72).
For Hook, the ultimate philosophical reality is experience, in which, according to his concept, unity of subject and object is attained. He deals with truth as a procedural, relative, and hypothetical principle of action leading to the successful reconstruction of a separate, individual situation. As a revisionist, Hook falsifies the teaching of K. Marx from a position of pragmatism, rejecting the theory of dialectical materialism as supposedly “mechanistic.” As a proponent of so-called democratic socialism, Hook is an aggressive theoretician and propagandist of anticommunism.
WORKSThe Metaphysics of Pragmatism. Chicago, 1927.
Religion in a Free Society. Lincoln, Neb., 1967.
Academic Freedom and Academic Anarchy. New York, 1970.
Education and the Taming of Power. New York, 1973.
REFERENCESBykhovskii, B. E. Filosofiia neopragmatizma. Moscow, 1959.
Titarenko, A. I. Pragmatistskii Izhemarksizm—filosofiia antikommunizma. Moscow, 1964.
A. I. TITARENKO