Joseph Dalton Hooker

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hooker, Joseph Dalton


Born June 30, 1817, in Halesworth; died Dec. 10, 1911, in Sunningdale. British botanist. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1858). Son of W. J. Hooker.

From 1839 to 1843, Hooker took part in an Antarctic expedition (Australia, New Zealand, Kerguelen, Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Islands), and from 1847 to 1851 he studied the flora of northern India and Nepal. Beginning in 1855 he was assistant director and from 1865 to 1885, director of the Botanical Gardens at Kew (a London suburb). He was president of the Royal Society of London from 1873 to 1878. He worked on C. Darwin’s collections from the Galapagos Islands and was a supporter of Darwin’s theory of evolution; Darwin adduced Hooker’s data on plant geography to prove his theory. Hooker developed evolutionary ideas in botanical geography. He was the author (with G. Bentham) of a review of genera and founder (1893) of an index, still being pub: lished, of all species of seed plants that have been described (Index kewensis).


Genera plantarum. . . , vols. 1–3. London, 1863–83. (With G. Bentham.)
The Flora of British India, vols. 1–7. London, 1872–97.


Turrill, W. B. Pioneer Plant Geography: The Phytogeographical Researches of Sir J. D. Hooker. The Hague, 1953.
Turrill, W. B. J. D. Hooker: Botanist, Explorer and Administrator. London, [1963].


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.