Hoopa


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Hoopa

(ho͞o`pə), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the AthabascanAthabascan
, Athapascan,
or Athapaskan
, group of related Native American languages forming a branch of the Nadene linguistic family or stock. In the preconquest period, Athabascan was a large and extensive group of tongues.
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 branch of the Nadene linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the 19th cent. they occupied the valley of the Trinity River from Hoopa valley to the Klamath River in NW California. Their cedar-planked houses, dugout canoes, basket hats, and many elements in their mythology identify them with the Northwest Coast culture, of which they are the southernmost representatives; however, some of their customs—e.g., the use of a sweat house for ceremonies and the manufacture of acorn bread—are not characteristic of that culture area. In 1864 the U.S. government established a small reservation (Hoopa Valley), where many Hoopa now reside with their neighbors, the Yurok. In 1990 there were 2,400 Hoopa in the United States. The name is sometimes spelled Hupa.

Bibliography

See P. E. Goddard, Life and Culture of the Hupa (1903).

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The Presbyterian Church is a central feature of Indian religious life at Hoopa today, a hundred and seventeen years after it was established.
Are Hoopa, Diancie and Volcanion still worth the wait, when and if they do come out?
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Wildland forest fire smoke: health effects and intervention evaluation, Hoopa, California, 1999.
The Hoopa Valley Tribe in Northern California has battled illegal pot plantations on its reservation, saying they cause environmental damage.
The project's first phase ended in March, after Fish and Wildlife officials shot 71 barred owls in the Hoopa Valley area of Northern California, agency spokeswoman Elizabeth Materna said.
The Hoopa Valley Tribe of California, for example, entered into a cross-deputization agreement with the Humboldt County Sheriff's Department; this agreement allows tribal officers to enforce state law and local law enforcement officials to enforce tribal law under certain conditions.
The following year, researchers surveying northern spotted owls on Humboldt County's Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation were shot at with high-caliber rifles.
A-dae Romero, an LLM student in the Indigenous Food and Agricultural Law Initiative and a former tribal judge for the Taruk and Hoopa tribes in California, says she is attracted to the prospect of assisting American Indian farmers.
Last spring NAM arranged for a Hispanic videographer to work with a Two Rivers Tribune reporter investigating an epidemic of methamphetamine addiction among the Hoopa tribe outside Eureka.