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Hoorn,city (1994 pop. 60,979), North Holland prov., N central Netherlands, on an inlet of the Markermeer. It is a commercial and processing center for a vegetable-growing and dairy-farming region. Prevalent industries include fishing, printing, textiles, and the construction of plastic boats. Hoorn was founded in 1311. In the 17th cent.—the golden age of Dutch exploration—the city sent forth many explorers, such as Willem SchoutenSchouten, Willem Cornelis
, 1567?–1625, Dutch navigator. In 1615 he sailed from Texel island, Holland, in command of an expedition whose objective was to evade the trade restrictions of the Dutch East India Company by finding a new route to the Pacific.
..... Click the link for more information. , who was the first to round (and who also named) Cape Hoorn (later Horn); A. J. TasmanTasman, Abel Janszoon
, 1603?–1659, Dutch navigator. In the service of the Dutch East India Company from c.1632 to 1653, he made several trading and exploring voyages in the Pacific and Indian oceans.
..... Click the link for more information. , who discovered New Zealand and Tasmania; and J. P. Coen, founder of Batavia (now Djakarta), Indonesia.