Hoorn, Philip de Montmorency, count of

Hoorn or Horn, Philip de Montmorency, count of

(both: hôrn), 1518?–1568, Netherlands nobleman, member of the council of state during the regency of Margaret of Parma. In 1562 he joined with the count of EgmontEgmont, Lamoral, count of
, 1522–68, Flemish general and statesman, member of one of the noblest families of the Netherlands. In the service of Philip II of Spain he helped defeat the French at Saint-Quentin (1557) and Gravelines (1558) and was governor of Brabant and
..... Click the link for more information.
 and William the Silent in opposition to Cardinal GranvelleGranvelle, Antoine Perrenot de
, 1517–86, statesman in the service of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and of King Philip II of Spain; cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who had introduced Spanish troops and the Spanish Inquisition into the Netherlands. When the duke of Alba replaced (1567) Margaret of Parma, he had Egmont and Hoorn arrested and, after an irregular trial, beheaded. That event caused great public outrage and marked the beginning of the open revolt against the Spanish.