It is achieved using efficient data transmission mechanism and observations state that the FCFS mechanism fails to attain target goals due to lacks in considering the hop count
and delay attribute.
refers to the total number of Intermediate devices through which the data travels from source to destination.
Finally, when examining the captured packets with Wireshark, it is observed that the R1 and R2 systems send type 1 and type 3 ICMPv6 messages to the n0 node in order to indicate unreachable destination and exceeded hop count
Comparing figures 13 and 14 can found VBI tree query efficiency than VBI*-tree high because the query efficiency of the former is n log a hop count
, and the latter is 2 log n a hop count
This RREQ packet includes some information about intermediate nodes and the hop count
After receiving the first RREQ packet, the destination node waits for a short time period for any more RREQ packets, then chooses a path with the minimum hop count
and sends a Route Reply (RREP) along the selected path.
In AODV-ABR which is proposed by Wei Kuang Lai, Sheng-Yu Hsiao and Yuh-Chung Lin, the establishment of backup routes takes advantage of overhearing RREP packets with hop count
to the destination .
Each neighbour either satisfies the RREQ by sending a route reply (RREP) back to the source or broadcasts the RREQ to its neighbours after increasing the hop count
As an example, we can use diffusion waves to produce regions of controlled size, simply by having the particles relay the message if the hop count
is below a designated bound.
Sink Hello Packet (S-hp): S-hp contains four fields, Hello Packet Type(s-hp/c-hp), S-HopID, Sink-ID(s) and Maximum Hop Count
as shown in Fig.
To prevent looping and excessive delay, the hop count
of a path should be limited.
The application requirements are hop count
, delay, throughput, loss rate, stability, jitter, cost; and the network capacity is a function of available resources that reside at each node and number of nodes in the network as well as its density, frequency of end-to-end connection (i.