Hopkins, Harry Lloyd

Hopkins, Harry Lloyd,

1890–1946, American public official, b. Sioux City, Iowa. A social worker, he was appointed (1931) head of New York's Temporary Emergency Relief Administration by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, then governor of New York. Two years later, after Roosevelt became President, Hopkins was made chief of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) and of the Civil Works Administration, which grew out of the FERA. In 1935 he became head of the Works Progress Administration. Hopkins was made secretary of commerce in Dec., 1938, but resigned in Aug., 1940, because of ill health.

An intimate friend of President Roosevelt, Hopkins was a special assistant to the President during World War II. He administered the lend-leaselend-lease,
arrangement for the transfer of war supplies, including food, machinery, and services, to nations whose defense was considered vital to the defense of the United States in World War II. The Lend-Lease Act, passed (1941) by the U.S.
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 program in 1941 and went on several missions to London and Moscow. After Roosevelt's death, he went as President Truman's representative to Moscow to settle problems that had arisen over Poland and the organization of the United Nations. In July, 1945, he retired from public life.


See biography by D. L. Roll (2013).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hopkins, Harry Lloyd


Born Aug. 17, 1890, in Sioux City, Iowa; died Jan. 29, 1946, in New York. US statesman.

From 1938 to 1940, Hopkins was secretary of commerce. During World War II he was an adviser and special assistant to President F. Roosevelt. In the summer of 1941 he carried on negotiations in Moscow on questions of coordinated action in the war against fascist Germany, which promoted the convocation of the Moscow conference of 1941 (September 29 to October 1). He was a member of the US delegation to the Tehran conference of 1943 and the Crimean conference of 1945, and he accompanied F. Roosevelt to the Quebec and Cairo conferences of 1943. In May and June 1945 he conducted negotiations with the government of the USSR in Moscow, particularly on preparations for the Potsdam conference of 1945. In July 1945 he retired from political activity.


Sherwood, R. Ruzvel’t i Gopkins glazmi ochevidtsa, vols. 1–2. (Translated from English.) Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.