Horatii


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Horatii

(hōrā`shēī), in Roman legend, male triplets who represented Rome in a battle against Alba, which was represented by the Curiatii, also triplets. After two of the Horatii had been killed, the remaining brother defeated the Curiatii. When the sister of the Horatii bemoaned the death of one of the Curiatii, who had been her lover, her brother killed her. Condemned to death, he was spared when he appealed to the people. To do penance he was led, veiled, under a yoke. The battle of the Horatii is depicted in a neoclassical painting by Jacques-Louis DavidDavid, Jacques-Louis
, 1748–1825, French painter. David was the virtual art dictator of France for a generation. Extending beyond painting, his influence determined the course of fashion, furniture design, and interior decoration and was reflected in the development of
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Horatii

 

an ancient Roman patrician family. Legendary representatives of the Horatii family include a set of triplets, who, when they were adolescents, were victorious in hand-to-hand combat over another set of triplets, also adolescents, of the Curiatii family from Alba Longa; this occurred in the seventh century B.C. at the time of Rome’s war against Alba Longa under King Tullus Hostilius. Another member of the family, M. Horatius Pulvillus, was one of the first consuls of the republic; together with his colleague P. Valerio Poplicola, he concluded a treaty between Rome and Carthage in 510–509 B.C. and consecrated the Capitoline temple. Publius Horatius Cocles (the One-Eyed) defended the pile bridge over the Tiber against the Etruscans who attacked Rome in 508 B.C.

References in classic literature ?
In an instant the yards swung round; and as the ship half-wheeled upon her heel, her three firm-seated graceful masts erectly poised upon her long, ribbed hull, seemed as the three Horatii pirouetting on one sufficient steed.
He can see the spot where the Horatii and the Curatii fought their famous battle.
Tenders are invited for investigation and stabilisation of the foundations to the tomb of the horatii, stoke park
En Italia destaco De arte poetica (1527) de Marco Girolamo Vida, la Paraphrasis in librum Horatii (1548) de Francesco Robortello en la que tambien aparecen comentarios sobre la Poetica de Aristoteles, las Interpretationes (1550) de Jacobi Grifoli, revisados posteriormente Jason de Nores en 1553, las anotaciones del humanista Marco Antonio Mureto de 1555, los peyorativos comentarios al texto horaciano que hace Julio Cesar Escaligero en su Poetices libri V7/de 1561 y la parafrasis que hace Federico Ceruti en 1588.
"All those French nobles who in 1785 flocked to the Paris salon to ooh and aah over Jacques-Louis David's severe classical painting The Oath of the Horatii had no idea they were contributing to the weakening of the monarchy and their own demise." Given the history of such experiences, and given how common they are across time, Adams thought, history can teach us to recognize precisely such things.
For example, the title of The Oaths of the Infidels comes from David's Oath of the Horatii. But the men in my painting are not patriotic heroes fighting to save their city.
This approach reveals little- known connections: the most illustrious Neoclassical painting (David's Oath of the Horatii) was executed just a couple of years after one of the best-known Romantic scenes (Fuseli's The Nightmare); and American artist James Whistler, who had attended West Point Military Academy, was creating his finest work in Europe at the very time when his homeland was being torn apart by civil war.
Lugduni: Horatii Boissat & Georgii Remeus, 1662.
(4) The first painting to bring him major accolades was the Oath of the Horatii. It is very much a representation of male virility and patriotism; loyalty to the father becomes loyalty to la Patrie, the fatherland.
(10) Syrinx nimpha Ponos; Ero Leandri; Phyllis, filia Lycurgi regis Thracum Demophontis; Iphis, Patrocli; Smilax, Croci; Glicera, Pausiae Sicyonis pictoris; Campsape Alexandri, quam Alexander ipse muneri dedit Apelli pictori...; Philace, Stratoclis...; Echo, Narcissi; Cloris seu Flora, dea florum, Zephiri...; Acme, Septimii...; Aufilena, Quintii...; Andromeda, Persei; Lesbia, Catulli...; Quintilia, Calvi Licinii...; Lyde, Callimachi; Batthis, Philetae...; Beatrix, Dantis Aligerii; Aureta Petrarcae; Lycina Horatii...; Stella Platonis...; Violentilla Stellae poetae...; Leucadia Terentii Varronis Atacini...; Daelia, Sulpitia, Nemesis, Nearae, Tibulli...; Hostra seu Cyntia Propertii...; Milenes Domitii Marsi...; Pamphilia Valeri Aeditui...; Chrisis Q.
The following year, in Rome, he painted The Oath of the Horatii, a statement of his Republicanism and newly minted neoclassical style.
Horatii Romani Porcaria [...] accedit Petri de Godis Vicentini De coniuratione Porcaria dialogus e codice vaticano erutus.