barley

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Related to Hordeum vulgare: wild barley

barley,

annual cereal plant (Hordeum vulgare and sometimes other species) of the family Poaceae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family), cultivated by humans probably as early as any cereal. It was known to the ancient Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and Egyptians and was the chief bread material in Europe as late as the 16th cent. It has a wide range of cultivation and matures even at high altitudes, since its growing period is short; however, it cannot withstand hot and humid climates. Today barley is typically a special-purpose grain with many varieties rather than a general market crop. It is a valuable stock feed (often as a corn substitute) and is used for malting when the grain is of high quality. It is a minor source of flour and breakfast foods. Pearl barley is often used in soups. In the Middle East a limited amount of barley is eaten like rice. In the United States most spring barley comes from the western states and most winter barley is grown in the southeastern states for autumn and spring pasture and as a cover crop. Barley is subject to several diseases including smut and rust. Barley is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.
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barley

[′bär·lē]
(botany)
A plant of the genus Hordeum in the order Cyperales that is cultivated as a grain crop; the seed is used to manufacture malt beverages and as a cereal.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

barley

1. any of various erect annual temperate grasses of the genus Hordeum, esp H. vulgare, that have short leaves and dense bristly flower spikes and are widely cultivated for grain and forage
2. the grain of any of these grasses, used in making beer and whisky and for soups, puddings, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Detection of quantitative trait loci for agronomic, yield, grain and disease characters in spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).
QTL mapping for enzyme activity and thermostability of [beta]-amylase in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).
Assessment of stress tolerance in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) advanced breeding lines under semi arid conditions of the eastern high plateaus of Algeria.
Die Variabilitat einiger Komponenten der Allogamieneigung bei der Kulturgerste (Hordeum vulgare L.).
RFLP mapping of five major genes and eight quantitative trait loci controlling flowering time in a winter x spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cross.
(Seemann and Critchley, 1985; Brugnoli and Lauteri, 1991), Triticum aestivurn L., and Hordeum vulgare L.
The objective of this study was to assess the accumulation and uptake of toxic metals from contaminated soil by using local plants such as Soybean (Glycine max), Barley (Hordeum vulgare), Sunflower (Helianthus annuus), Pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum), Maize (Zea mays), Canola (Brassica napus) and Wheat (Triticum aestivum).
"Our data reveal a surprising beer recipe in which broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum), barley (Hordeum vulgare), Job's tears (Coix lacryma-jobi, a Chinese variant of pearl barley), and tubers were fermented together."
[32] on Hordeum vulgare and Khan and Gulzar [9] on Sporobolus ioclados.
Spot blotch (SB) caused by Cochliobolus sativus (Ito & Kurib.) Drechsler ex Dastur [anamorph: Bipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.) Shoem.] is economically one of the most important fungal diseases of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) throughout the world (Mathre et al., 2003).