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1 In political science, see federal governmentfederal government
or federation,
government of a union of states in which sovereignty is divided between a central authority and component state authorities. A federation differs from a confederation in that the central power acts directly upon individuals as well as
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. 2 In U.S. history, see states' rightsstates' rights,
in U.S. history, doctrine based on the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution, which states, "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
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(1) A form of state organization that usually exists in multinational states.

(2) In a number of countries, a political movement in support of a federal system of government.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the horizontal federalism cases, the relevant rules apply reciprocally and are designed to foster intergovernmental harmony.
My focus is on the fact that significant swaths of the law of horizontal federalism are animated by a desire to preserve and promote interstate harmony, and that the relevant doctrines do their work by commanding states to respect the laws, policies, and interests of other states.
In our view, what's missing from the literature is an account of the political safeguards of horizontal federalism.
Scholars of horizontal federalism are much less sanguine about interstate conflict, and most of them look to the judiciary to referee state-to-state conflict.
75, 117-126 (2001); Allan Erbsen, Horizontal Federalism, 93 MINN.
If the species of federalism are perpetually in flux, what does that imply about the practicality of embedding horizontal federalism in written constitutions?
As a result, that literature provides a roadmap for scholars of horizontal federalism as they move forward.
Second, part of our story hinges on a nationalist account of federalism (174) that emphasizes how horizontal federalism serves national policymaking ends.
17) Although it is established from the state supreme courts' own opinions in these cases that they often seek guidance using other state courts' decisions, these explanatory studies have not yet addressed the role horizontal federalism plays in state constitutional interpretation.
In Part I, horizontal federalism is examined to show how it has emerged under the "new judicial federalism.