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1 In political science, see federal governmentfederal government
or federation,
government of a union of states in which sovereignty is divided between a central authority and component state authorities. A federation differs from a confederation in that the central power acts directly upon individuals as well as
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. 2 In U.S. history, see states' rightsstates' rights,
in U.S. history, doctrine based on the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution, which states, "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
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(1) A form of state organization that usually exists in multinational states.

(2) In a number of countries, a political movement in support of a federal system of government.

References in periodicals archive ?
In both of these cases, the interstate equality point arises in the context of judicial review of federal action calling for unequal treatment of the states--which is to say that these are not horizontal federalism decisions.
This investigation provides some preliminary support for horizontal federalism, as state supreme courts interpreting their state constitutions actively communicate with other state courts.
42) The identification of these types of patterns in state constitutional decision-making would provide even stronger support for horizontal federalism and additional linkages within Professor Tarr's "universe of constitutions.
5) See David Blumberg, Influence of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court on State High Court Decisionmaking 1982-1997: A Study in Horizontal Federalism, 61 ALB.
The dialogue surrounding horizontal federalism has tackled the theory but not the tangible results of state constitutional adjudication.
Massachusetts meets this study's goal of providing the proper benchmark for further horizontal federalism analysis because every possible factor to motivate a court to cite to another state is present.
It might be a measure of the court's respect for Massachusetts in particular, or an indication of that state high court's willingness to engage in horizontal federalism regardless of the state.
Upton was a clear demonstration of the potential of horizontal federalism.
This model shows that horizontal federalism may exist to some extent at the mercy of the Federal Supreme Court.