Horse-Drawn Vehicle

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Related to Horse-Drawn Vehicle: Horse carriage
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vehicle, Horse-Drawn


a vehicle to which horses are usually hitched. (Such a vehicle may also be drawn by oxen, mules, camels, and other draft animals.) Horse-drawn vehicles may carry people or cargo. They may have wheels or runners (sleds); those with wheels are either single-axled (with two wheels) or double-axled (with four wheels). The vehicles may be unsprung, semisprung, or sprung; there may be a shaft or a tongue.

In Middle Asia and in the countries of the Middle East, arby having two wheels, each with a diameter reaching 2 m, are used to transport loads across fields that are broken up by ditches. The most modern wheeled vehicles of this type are unsprung freight wagons with ball bearings and pneumatic tires.

Three types of horse-drawn vehicles are manufactured in the USSR: a single-axled dumpcart with a capacity of 0.75 ton, a double-axled dumpcart with a capacity of 1.5 tons, and a non-dumping vehicle with a capacity of 2 tons. These vehicles, which are equipped with large beds, are noiseless, travel well on dirt roads and over roadless areas, and deliver the load (milk, eggs, fruit, vegetables) in good condition.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Object interpretation was largely text driven, although five photographs (measuring 1.5 X 2 m) of horse-drawn vehicles in use provided some much needed contextualisation.
The person seeking understanding of the horse-drawn vehicle era might notice a horse "feeling his oats" while observing demonstration driving in an arena, but only when actually sitting with the driver, or as a passenger in a carriage, would "tail over the dashboard" come to a fuller understanding by the participant.
It's a trend that was anticipated some 37 years ago, when a young man heeded the advice of his blacksmith grandfather and went into the business of making, repairing and restoring horse-drawn vehicles.
Alongside quaint advice about speeding were instructions for drivers of horse-drawn vehicles and a guide to interpret the hand signals of police officers directing traffic.
"The health and safety of our customers and employees is our top priority and for this reason we are unable to serve pedestrians, bicycle riders, non road-worthy mobility scooters, horse riders or any horse-drawn vehicles through the drive-thru lane.
Above the impressive entrance where the Birkins would alight from horse-drawn vehicles - a step for the purpose remains - is the Bee symbol of the family, their initials carved into the stone alongside those of T.C Wine and the builder.
The Great North Steam Fair is part of the Great North Festival of Transport, which also includes Horses at Work on April 27 and 28, boasting a number of visiting horses and horse-drawn vehicles, plus chances to watch displays, meet the pit ponies and enjoy some fun family activities.
And gas- and electricity-fueled devices are much cleaner than campfires, wood-burning cook stoves, and horse-drawn vehicles. Progress will continue in the lowering of pollution; we get better at it every year.
Visitors can travel on a wide variety of horse-drawn vehicles and see horse-drawn military vehicles at work, including horse and human ambulances, mess cart and general service wagons.
Rule 47 of the Highway Code states horse-drawn vehicles "should be operated and maintained in accordance with standards set out in the Department for Transport's Code of Practice".
One of the most obvious changes today is that we rarely see horse-drawn vehicles. Thats a good thing, since it would take you forever to get anywhere with a speed limit of 6 miles per hour.
Haajanen (a retired technical consultant, vice president of the Swedish Bugatti Club and editor of its newsletter, the Bugazette) defines all distinct body types since the early days of the automobile, many of which were derived from horse-drawn vehicles. Entries, many including clear line drawings, describe popular types and variations from different countries and time periods as well as terms for body components.