horsefly

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Related to Horseflies: Black flies, Deer flies

horsefly,

common name for the large hairy fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the family Tabanidae. Male horseflies feed on pollen and nectar, but the females suck blood as well and are common pests of animals and sometimes of humans. The bites of many species are very painful. The larger horseflies, e.g., the mourning horsefly and the 1-in. (2.5-cm) black horsefly, belong to the genus Tabanus; the smaller and more common banded horseflies, with black, brown, or yellow bodies and brilliantly colored eyes, are members of the genus Chrysops. The deerflies, which carry the diseases anthraxanthrax
, acute infectious disease of animals that can be secondarily transmitted to humans. It is caused by a bacterium (Bacillus anthracis) that primarily affects sheep, horses, hogs, cattle, and goats and is almost always fatal in animals.
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 and tularemiatularemia
or rabbit fever,
acute, infectious disease caused by Francisella tularensis (Pasteurella tularensis). The greatest incidence is among people who handle infected wild rabbits.
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, and in Africa, a filarial worm infestation, belong to this group. Horseflies are most abundant in hot weather. The eggs are laid on plants or stones close to water. The somewhat flattened 1-2-in. (1.3-cm) larvae have fleshy protuberances on each body segment, aiding in locomotion; they live in water or in moist earth and feed on snails and on other insect larvae. Horseflies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Tabanidae. See insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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horsefly

any large stout-bodied dipterous fly of the family Tabanidae, the females of which suck the blood of mammals, esp horses, cattle, and man
References in periodicals archive ?
Transmission of hog cholera virus by horseflies (Tabanidae: Diptera).
The child's frail skeleton lies in the clay vessel in which the putrid-smelling bone stock was rendered from the bones of slaughtered animals, to be brushed on the horses around the eyes, nostrils, and belly to protect them from the mosquitoes and horseflies, beside the bones of the sacristan and organist, who for years led the funeral processions with a crucifix turned facing the coffin, shimmering in the sun, and who shouted over the rickety fence that separated the two estates from one another, I hope you drop off like the Kohlweifi innkeeper
Though it was our vacation and we had made ambitious plans for the week, the pull of the screened porch proved too great, causing us to scrap our agenda and spend our days reclining in twin hammocks, reading, beyond the reach of the horseflies and mosquitoes.
Black flies, brown flies, horseflies, deer flies; all emerge at this time to wreak havoc on every farmer's animals.
The blackflies have been replaced by deer flies a/k/a horseflies, a/k/a mooseflies.
Every day, along rivers including the Essequibo and Sipu, they would fend off swarms of horseflies that can carry river blindness, mosquitoes full of malaria and the tiny leishmaniasis-bearing sand flies.
One player changed this to INSECT: I SPY A JAR OF HORSEFLIES when it became awkward to explain the classic phrase to a young relative.
Written by Tom Turpin (Professor of Entomology in Purdue's College of Agriculture), Flies in the Face of Fashion, Mites Make Right, and Other Bugdacious Tales is jam-packed with fun facts about insects--from the bug that ancient Egyptians used to worship as a god to how horseflies can fly without a head to the inordinate contribution that humble fruit flies have made to science.
The question we select and the answer we provide may depend in part on whether we are gadflies or horseflies.
Less welcome were the midges, horseflies and sheepticks - I had to resort to a blowtorch and pliers (okay, it was a Zippo lighter and safety pin, but it still hurt), to remove one of the latter, after it guzzled more of my blood than the tax-man.
In seven (64%) cases, insect bites (from deerflies or other horseflies in six cases; flies and/or fleas in one case) were determined to be the most likely mode of transmission.
And, to keep the boys happy, there's much lowbrow knockabout and poop jokes from a double act of CGI horseflies, Buzz and Scuzz (voiced by Steve Harvey and David Spade), who also get to perform bursts of Walk This Way and, Ebony And Ivory; arguably preferable to hearing Bryan Adams doing the inspirational bit with the all too depressingly titled It Ain't Over Yet, or Sting's dreary end credits number.