Horsford, Eben Norton

Horsford, Eben Norton

(1818–93) chemist; born in Moscow (now Livonia), N.Y. He was professor at Harvard (1847–63) and developed one of the first labs in America for analytic chemistry. He invented baking powder and founded Rumford Chemical Company in 1856 to produce it. He also made rations composed of grain and meat for the military during the Civil War.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.