Hortobágy

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hortobágy

 

a part of the Central Danubian Plain; situated east of the Tisza River in northeastern Hungary. The Hortobágy covers an area of approximately 2,000 sq km and rises to an elevation of about 100 m. It is composed mainly of alluvial sands.

Before the course of the Tisza was regulated in the 19th century, the Hortobágy was swampy and was subject to floods when the river overflowed. Reclamation work, such as the construction of a dam at Tiszalók on the Tisza and of the Main Eastern and Main Western Canals, greatly reduced the area of the swamps. Steppe grasses now prevail among the natural flora. About one-half of the region is planted with rice and other grain crops, as well as vineyards. There are also pastures and meadows. Carp and other fish are raised commercially. Deposits of natural gas are found in Nadudvár and at other sites.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
| WHERE...in Europe is the UNESCO World Heritage Site the Hortobagy National Park?
2013: High population density of little owl (Athene noctua) in Hortobagy National Park, Hungary, Central Europe.
Habitat use, nest site selection and conservation status of the great bustard (Otis tarda) in the Hortobagy National Park between 1999-2004.
Barber pitfall trappings have been carried out since 2000 in dry sandy grasslands in three regions of Hungary: the Kiskunsag area (Kiskunsag National Park); the Nyirseg area (Hortobagy National Park); and since 2004 the Kisalfold area (Ferto-Hansag National Park).
The authors thank, with gratitude, the Directorates of the Kiskunsag, the Hortobagy, and the Ferto-Hansag National Parks for their 0o permission to carry out the surveys.
AT THE eastern end of the Hungarian Great Plain, towards the Romanian border and close to the village of Hortobagy, there is a resort hotel.
Lorant had learnt this trick from his father when his family lived on the great plains of Hortobagy in Hungary,long before the Hungarian uprising which eventually led to him settling in Britain.
WHERE in Europe is the UNESCO World Heritage Site the Hortobagy National Park?
(18.) Chan DW, Beveridge RA, Muss H, Fritsche HA, Hortobagy G, Theriault R, et al.