Hosack, David

Hosack, David

(hŏs`ək), 1769–1835, American physician, surgeon, and author; for a time he was Samuel Bard's partner (see under Bard, JohnBard, John,
1716–99, American physician, persuaded New York to establish on Bedloe Island its first quarantine station and was himself the first health officer. He wrote on yellow fever, malignant pleurisy, and other subjects, and was the first president of the Medical
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). He was an authority on the management of yellow fever, held medical posts at Columbia, and treated Hamilton after his duel with Burr. A mineralogist and a botanist as well, he founded (1801) the Elgin Botanic Garden, America's first public garden and an outstanding plant collection, at what is now the site of Rockefeller Center. Hosack also was a cofounder of a number of other New York cultural and scientific institutions, e.g., the New-York Historical Society and the city's first natural history museum. He wrote on medical and botanical subjects.

Bibliography

See study by V. Johnson (2018).

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Hosack, David

(1769–1835) physician; born in New York City. He became professor of materia medica at Columbia University (1797–1811) and taught the theory and practice of medicine at New York's College of Physicians and Surgeons (1811–26). He was one of the first physicians to use the stethoscope and to advocate vaccination; he was the first American surgeon to ligate the femoral artery (1808). In 1804, he was attending surgeon at the Aaron Burr-Alexander Hamilton duel. He helped found Bellevue Hospital (1820).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.