James Russell Lowell

(redirected from Hosea Biglow)

Lowell, James Russell

 

Born Feb. 22, 1819, in Cambridge, Mass.; died there, Aug. 12, 1891. American poet, critic, and journalist.

From 1857 to 1866, Lowell edited a number of journals that supported abolitionism. Lowell’s two-volume collection of verse pamphlets and feuilletons, The Biglow Papers (1848-67), became widely known. The first series of pamphlets was directed against the aggressive war carried on by the USA against Mexico (1846-48); the second, concerned with the Civil War between North and South, expressed the patriotic feelings of democratic Northerners.

Lowell became a professor at Harvard University in 1855. Between 1864 and 1872 he published a series of critical essays on writers of the past, including Dante, Chaucer, and Shakespeare. Toward the end of his life, conservative elements in Lowell’s social and political views became stronger.

WORKS

Complete Writings, vols. 1-16. Cambridge, 1904.
In Russian translation:
“Stansy o svobode.” In the anthology Sever. Arkhangelsk, 1957. No. 18. Translated by V. Fedotov.
“Svatovstvo.” In Amerikanskie poety. Moscow, 1969. Translated by M. Zenkevich.

REFERENCES

Istoriia amerikanskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1947.
Brooks, V. W. Pisatel’ i amerikanskaia zhizn’. vol. 1. Moscow, 1967. (Translated from English.)
McGlinchee, C. J. R. Lowell. New York [1967].
References in periodicals archive ?
was used predominantly for positive contexts and were for negative ones, manifests itself in a categorical way in the speech of Yankee farmer Hosea Biglow.
The first series of poems expressed his opposition to the war, using the voice of rustic poet Hosea Biglow.
The Yankee dialect of Ezekiel and Hosea Biglow immediately caught popular fancy.
There were three chief characters: Hosea Biglow, a forthright commentator on current issues; his friend Birdofredom Sawin, something of a scoundrel; and the Rev.
The dialogue between the Yankee farmer Hosea Biglow and his friends was especially important for its use of authentic New England dialect.
Later, in 1862, when the Civil War was not going well for the North, Hosea Biglow appeared again to attack the South and defend Northern policy with sharp and homely wit.
There are three central characters: Hosea Biglow, a forthright commentator on current affairs; his friend, Birdofredom Sawin, a scoundrel; and the Reverend Homer Wilbur, used by Lowell as a foil for the first two characters.
Haliburton's Sam Slick, Charles Farrar Browne's <IR> ARTEMUS WARD </IR> , James Russell Lowell's Hosea Biglow, and other Yankee oracles and humorists who posed as semiliterate and wrote in dialect.