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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



persons illegally taken into custody by belligerents in order to avert the resistance of the population of an occupied territory. As a rule, hostages are taken from among persons who are not participating directly in military operations.

The Geneva Convention of Aug. 12, 1949, On the Protection of Civilians in Wartime, prohibits the taking of hostages, noting that this rule is included among the minimum provisions binding upon all belligerents. In its list of persons who may not be taken as hostages under any circumstances the Geneva convention includes—in addition to civilians—members of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those who, as a result of illness, wounds, or detention, have ceased to participate in military operations.

The Geneva convention’s provisions concerning hostages must be applied also to the participants of national liberation movements.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In accordance with the relevant order by Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, thanks to an agreement reached as a result of negotiations held by the state commission through mediation of the International Committee of the Red Cross, a citizen of Azerbaijan, a resident of the Yukhari Salahli village of Gazakh district Elvin Ibrahimov (1986), taken hostage by Armenian soldiers March 16, 2019, and Armenian citizen Zaven Karapetyan (1974), detained on the territory of the Gazakh district June 20, 2017, were handed over to the relevant parties June 28, 2019.
To make the story short, the escapees agreed to peacefully end the stand-off and released their hostages.
"We are doing our best to secure the release of the hostages, but we stand firm on our no ransom policy," Panelo said.
Police were able to enter the building after one of the hostages opened the door for them, Kharkiv regional prosecutor Yuriy Danylchenko told reporters.
At the risk of being shot, Buada, commander of the Army's 15th Scout Ranger Company, slowly walked through the rubble and tried to get near the building, where hungry and thirsty hostages were anxiously waiting to be rescued.
He said Pakistani troops detected two vehicles, carrying the hostages, and stopped them when the security personal fired on tyres of one of the vehicles.
When an officer entered the ACU branch, he encountered hostages and Collins standing on a stairwell with a male hostage in front of him.
The hostage-taker opened fire as the police raided the house where he was lodged with his hostages,
According to the media statement, Taliban claimed that soon a video of hostages will be released in this regard.
The terrorists ordered the hostages to contact BFM TV and iTELE, but they couldn't," the former hostage told L'Humanite daily newspaper.
"I'm making it clear that our top priority is the safe and rapid recovery of American hostages," he added.