Hotan


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Related to Hotan: Khotan, Kashgar, Dunhuang

Hotan

(hô`tän`) or

Khotan

(kō`tän`), city and oasis (1994 est. pop. 75,900), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, near the headstream of the Hotan River; the name sometimes appears as Ho-t'ien. It is the center of an area growing cotton, corn, wheat, rice, and fruit. Silk and cotton textiles and carpets are manufactured, and jewelry is made from the great quantity of jade in the area. Hotan is connected by road with Kashi (Kashgar) and Ürümqi (Urumchi).

On the southern part of the Silk Road, Hotan was an early center for the spread of Buddhism from India into China. It fell to the Arabs in the 8th cent., and grew wealthy on the proceeds of the caravan trade that traveled the route between China and the West. Its prosperity ended with the conquest of Hotan by Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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. After many political changes the region became (1878) permanently part of China. The city was the site of a Uigur uprising in 1954.

Hotan

, Hotien, Ho-t'ien
1. an oasis in W China, in the Taklimakan Shamo desert of central Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, around the seasonal Hotan River
2. the chief town of this oasis, situated at the foot of the Kunlun Mountains. Pop.: 71 600 (latest est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The envoys also visited a clothing factory in Hotan, where villagers who have received training
Another student explained that neither of his parents spoke Mandarin, and because there were no Han people in his hometown (in a village outside of Hotan, in southern Xinjiang) there had never been any need to learn the language, and no one to speak Mandarin with.
Methods: This observational study was conducted at the Infectious Diseases Hospital of Hotan District, China, from September 2014 to January 2015, and comprised children with hepatitis A and controls.
songaricum samples were collected from different areas in China (Kashgar in Xinjiang, Tarbagatay in Xinjiang, Jiuquan in Gansu, Guyuan in Ningxia, Hotan in Xinjiang, Haixi in Qinghai, Ejin Banner in Inner Mongolia, and Alxa Left Banner in Inner Mongolia) (Table 1).
For rail, relatively new, links to Urumqi 25 hrs, but reliable, hopefully and Hotan (10 hrs.).
In the doubles, Drinkhall and Pitchford had easy wins in the two qualifying rounds, overcoming Ocean Belrose and Kenji Hotan of French Polynesia 3-0 (11-1, 11-7, 11-2) and Samuel Galves & Emil Santos of the Dominican Republic also 3-0 (11-6, 11-5, 11-6).
China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has announced several incentives for industry, especially textile, in order to take advantage of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) including rent-free factories in industrial parks and Xinjiang's less-developed southern area of Hotan, Aksu, Kashgar and Kizilsu Kirgiz prefectures.
Probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria isolated from stool samples of longevous people in regions of Hotan, Xinjiang and Bama, Guangxi, China.
The three largest headstreams, Aksu River, Hotan River, and Yarkand River, account for 73.2%, 23.2%, and 3.6% of the total runoff, respectively [35].
Along with AMAA members Patrick Hogan, MD, who is based in Tacoma, Washington, and [Tanie Hotan, MD], who helped organize a private school event, Dan has been hugely instrumental in bringing attention and organizational expertise to communities in the Pacific Northwest.