Hotan


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Hotan: Khotan, Kashgar, Dunhuang

Hotan

(hô`tän`) or

Khotan

(kō`tän`), city and oasis (1994 est. pop. 75,900), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, near the headstream of the Hotan River; the name sometimes appears as Ho-t'ien. It is the center of an area growing cotton, corn, wheat, rice, and fruit. Silk and cotton textiles and carpets are manufactured, and jewelry is made from the great quantity of jade in the area. Hotan is connected by road with Kashi (Kashgar) and Ürümqi (Urumchi).

On the southern part of the Silk Road, Hotan was an early center for the spread of Buddhism from India into China. It fell to the Arabs in the 8th cent., and grew wealthy on the proceeds of the caravan trade that traveled the route between China and the West. Its prosperity ended with the conquest of Hotan by Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
..... Click the link for more information.
. After many political changes the region became (1878) permanently part of China. The city was the site of a Uigur uprising in 1954.

Hotan

, Hotien, Ho-t'ien
1. an oasis in W China, in the Taklimakan Shamo desert of central Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, around the seasonal Hotan River
2. the chief town of this oasis, situated at the foot of the Kunlun Mountains. Pop.: 71 600 (latest est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
An airport in Hotan has been closed, the China Earthquake Administration (CEA) said in a brief statement on its website, quoting reports from the local earthquake administration.
Today, in the region of Hotan, silk is still being made by hand by the Uyghur (WEE-gur) people.
Alternatively, dress windows with roller blinds in Sunara Hotan, a teal shade, from PS72 from The Fabric Box (0844 811 8280/www.
to jointly develop downstream gas markets in five areas in Xinjiang -- Bayingolin, Kashgar, Hotan, Aksu and Kezhou.
Rivers Shirabad, Hotan, Ghatlish, Darkesh, Samalqan and BabaAman are of the main branches of this water basin.
The quake jolted the region's Yutian County in the prefecture of Hotan, the statement said.
The unrest occurred in the prefecture of Hotan, where a group "(attacked) a number of people with weapons after gathering at local religious venues", the media said.
On Friday, Xinhua said, more than 100 "terrorists" provoked "riots" in the prefecture of Hotan, attacking people "after gathering at local religious venues".
Until Jan 6 Lin Jin: Today Banquet Jan 19-Feb 24 Liu Xiaodong's Hotan Project
com/chinas-first-plane-hijacking-22-years-foiled-704930) occurred on June 29 aboard a plane taking off from Hotan Airport in China's Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region en-route to the regional capital of Urumqi.
line to Xigaze and another line from Kashgar to Hotan in the Xinjiang
On Friday, a Tianjin Airlines plane was flying from Hotan to the regional capital Urumqi when six men armed with iron bars attempted to take control of the cabin.