Hotan


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Related to Hotan: Khotan, Kashgar, Dunhuang

Hotan

(hô`tän`) or

Khotan

(kō`tän`), city and oasis (1994 est. pop. 75,900), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, near the headstream of the Hotan River; the name sometimes appears as Ho-t'ien. It is the center of an area growing cotton, corn, wheat, rice, and fruit. Silk and cotton textiles and carpets are manufactured, and jewelry is made from the great quantity of jade in the area. Hotan is connected by road with Kashi (Kashgar) and Ürümqi (Urumchi).

On the southern part of the Silk Road, Hotan was an early center for the spread of Buddhism from India into China. It fell to the Arabs in the 8th cent., and grew wealthy on the proceeds of the caravan trade that traveled the route between China and the West. Its prosperity ended with the conquest of Hotan by Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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. After many political changes the region became (1878) permanently part of China. The city was the site of a Uigur uprising in 1954.

Hotan

, Hotien, Ho-t'ien
1. an oasis in W China, in the Taklimakan Shamo desert of central Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, around the seasonal Hotan River
2. the chief town of this oasis, situated at the foot of the Kunlun Mountains. Pop.: 71 600 (latest est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The central government has allocated special funds to renovate cultural relic protection sites at the state and autonomous-region levels, including the Id Kah Mosque in Kashgar, Baytulla Mosque in Yining, Jiaman Mosque in Hotan, Yanghang Mosque in Urumqi and the Tomb of the Fragrant Imperial Concubine (Apak Hoja Mazzar) in Kashgar.
Buildings were trembling and people rushed to the streets," said Jin Xingchang, an express courier in Hotan city, about 15 kilometers from Pishan.
The quake rocked Pishan County of Hotan Prefecture at 9:07 a.
Reform of Piano Curriculum of Normal Speciality of College, Journal of Hotan Teachers College, (1) 57-59.
Some people in Hotan prefecture in southern Xinjiang have been influenced by ISIL.
All of the suspects were Uighurs from Hotan in Xinjiang, although it is not clear what type of organizational connection--if any--they had to TIP.
A total of 649 Uyghur inpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia were recruited from six hospitals in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China between January 2011 and May 2013: the Department of Psychology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, the Urumqi Peace Hospital, the Hotan Mental Health Hospital, the Kashgar First People's Hospital, the Yili Mental Health Hospital, and the Aksu Prefecture Kangning Hospital.
The courts in seven cities and prefectures of Xinjiang, including Urumqi, Aksu, Kizilsu Kirgiz, Ili, Hotan, Turpan and Bortala, handed down verdicts in 11 cases on Thursday.
The Moyu Weather Bureau in the Hotan area said on its website that Muslim employees, both active and retired, were required to sign a letter promising not to fast.
Knife-wielding attackers in western China wounded four people in a crowded chess hall in the city of Hotan on Sunday, state broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) said in a separate report on Monday.
Police busted the groups in the southern Xinjiang prefectures of Hotan, Kashgar and Aksu and seized more than 200 explosive devices in raids, the official Xinhua news agency said late on Sunday.
Alternatively, dress windows with roller blinds in Sunara Hotan, a teal shade, from PS72 from The Fabric Box (0844 811 8280/www.