Hotan

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Related to Hotan City: Khotan City

Hotan

(hô`tän`) or

Khotan

(kō`tän`), city and oasis (1994 est. pop. 75,900), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, near the headstream of the Hotan River; the name sometimes appears as Ho-t'ien. It is the center of an area growing cotton, corn, wheat, rice, and fruit. Silk and cotton textiles and carpets are manufactured, and jewelry is made from the great quantity of jade in the area. Hotan is connected by road with Kashi (Kashgar) and Ürümqi (Urumchi).

On the southern part of the Silk Road, Hotan was an early center for the spread of Buddhism from India into China. It fell to the Arabs in the 8th cent., and grew wealthy on the proceeds of the caravan trade that traveled the route between China and the West. Its prosperity ended with the conquest of Hotan by Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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. After many political changes the region became (1878) permanently part of China. The city was the site of a Uigur uprising in 1954.

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Hotan

, Hotien, Ho-t'ien
1. an oasis in W China, in the Taklimakan Shamo desert of central Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, around the seasonal Hotan River
2. the chief town of this oasis, situated at the foot of the Kunlun Mountains. Pop.: 71 600 (latest est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Chinese government recently deployed at least 200,000 security personnel to pursue Uyghurs in the region following a clash between Uyghurs and the Chinese security personnel that left at least 23 Uyghurs dead in Hotan city last month.
The weekend violence follows an incident on July 18 in Xinjiang's Hotan city in which police reportedly shot 14 rioters who attacked a police station and killed four people.
"Police gunned down several rioters who attacked a police station and killed four people in Hotan city," the official Xinhua news agency said.
A local court in Hotan City, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, sentenced a man to ten years in prison for selling illegal publications.
The Xinjiang region witnessed massive riots in 2009, when almost 200 people were killed in its capital Urumqi, following which China launched a major crackdown against On July 18 this year, 14 "rioters" were killed when they reportedly attacked a police station and killed four people in the province's Hotan city. This is perhaps the first time that China has pointed fingers at its close ally Pakistan while referring to ETIM camps there.
The weekend violence follows a July 18 incident in Xinjiang's Hotan city in which police reportedly shot 14 rioters who attacked a police station and killed four people.