House Mouse

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House Mouse


(Mus musculus), a mammal of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia. The body measures 7-10.8 cm long and the tail, 4.2-10.2 cm. The house mouse is distributed almost throughout the world, except the arctic and antarctic. It is a wild species of southern origin. It utilizes the foodstuffs and domiciles of man, as a result of which it has extended its natural area of distribution greatly, living almost everywhere. Under natural conditions it digs short simple burrows or uses those of other rodents. The female gives birth to five-seven offspring. The house mouse is omnivorous. Under favorable wintering conditions and when there is abundant food, massive reproduction is possible and its numbers increase enormously. It is a pest of grain crops and destroys and fouls foodstuffs. Further, it harbors the carriers of plague; in southern regions it is the chief source of human infection with tularemia. The house mouse served as the starting point for breeding pure strains of mice used in genetic and other experimental work as laboratory animals.


Argiropulo, A. I. Semeistvo Muridaemyshi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. (Fauna SSSR. Mlekopytaiushchie, vol. 3, fasc. 5.)
Tupikova, N. V. “Ekologiia domovoi myshi srednei polosy SSSR.”
In Materialy k poznaniiu fauny i flory SSSR; fasc. 2: Fauna i ekologiia gryzunov. Moscow, 1947.
Freye, H. A., and H. Freye. Die Hausmaus. Wittenberg, 1960.


References in periodicals archive ?
I suspect what most people around here are calling a house mouse is, in fact, a white-footed mouse.
However meagre an abode a nest may be, it is at least the rightful home of a field mouse, whereas the house mouse has no claim at all on the well-stocked larder she rifles, as is soon revealed when first the butler and then the cat send her scurrying for her hole and with it, her fully animal identity.
Predation on a meadow jumping mouse, Zapus hudsonius, and a house mouse, Mus musculus, by brown trout, Salmo trutta.
White-footed mice were most abundant (70% of the captures), followed distantly by deer mice (6 individuals), two eastern woodrats and a house mouse.
The two most common rodents homeowners might find in their attics, basements and pantries are the house mouse and Norway rat.
The Asian house shrew and house mouse have been underestimated as potential animal hosts of SEOV and HTNV.
20) and Norway rats, sperm crews swim faster, but in species like the house mouse, packs are actually slower.
THE house mouse brought Saturday to a close with an outrageously banging set.
Samples of house mouse DNA were collected from nine sites in Iceland, Narsaq in Greenland, and four sites near the Viking archaeological site, L'Anse aux Meadows, in Newfoundland.
Domestic fowl and house mouse were introduced into Britain during the Iron Age, the first on purpose, the second as a commensal.
Montanus; medium = North American deermouse Peromyscus maniculatus, hispid pocket mouse Chaetodipus hispidus, northern grasshopper mouse Onychomys leucogaster, house mouse Mus musculus, Ord's kangaroo rat (Dipodomys ordii); large = hispid cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus, thirteen-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus, southern plains woodrat Neotoma micropus) and analyzed number of crossings for each size of animal.
House mouse: The house mouse is the most common rodent infesting American homes.