House Mouse


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House Mouse

 

(Mus musculus), a mammal of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia. The body measures 7-10.8 cm long and the tail, 4.2-10.2 cm. The house mouse is distributed almost throughout the world, except the arctic and antarctic. It is a wild species of southern origin. It utilizes the foodstuffs and domiciles of man, as a result of which it has extended its natural area of distribution greatly, living almost everywhere. Under natural conditions it digs short simple burrows or uses those of other rodents. The female gives birth to five-seven offspring. The house mouse is omnivorous. Under favorable wintering conditions and when there is abundant food, massive reproduction is possible and its numbers increase enormously. It is a pest of grain crops and destroys and fouls foodstuffs. Further, it harbors the carriers of plague; in southern regions it is the chief source of human infection with tularemia. The house mouse served as the starting point for breeding pure strains of mice used in genetic and other experimental work as laboratory animals.

REFERENCES

Argiropulo, A. I. Semeistvo Muridaemyshi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. (Fauna SSSR. Mlekopytaiushchie, vol. 3, fasc. 5.)
Tupikova, N. V. “Ekologiia domovoi myshi srednei polosy SSSR.”
In Materialy k poznaniiu fauny i flory SSSR; fasc. 2: Fauna i ekologiia gryzunov. Moscow, 1947.
Freye, H. A., and H. Freye. Die Hausmaus. Wittenberg, 1960.

N. V. TUPIKOVA

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population) for the availability of sequences in public database, although complete mitochondrial DNA is more desirable for distinguishing house mouse subspecies (Katouzian and Rajabi-Maham, 2013).
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Pet mice originally descended from the wild house mouse and the ancient Greeks worshipped them more than 3,000 years ago.
However, unlike this time last year when one lonely fieldmouse took refuge behind my cooker, feasting on dropped chips until Lucy the cat worked out how to get through the gap between cooker and sink, this mouse is your proper hefty house mouse.
Overall, 67 specimens of seven species of mammals (all rodents) were captured: white-footed mouse (23 individuals in all habitats), deer mouse (14 individuals), hispid cotton rat (10 individuals), pygmy mouse (10 individuals), fulvous harvest mouse (7 individuals), eastern wood rat (2 individuals) and a house mouse (Mus musculus, 1 individual).
The t haplotypes of the house mouse were first discovered in 1927 (Dobrovolskaia-Zavadskaia and Kobozieff 1927), and remain one of the best studied mammalian examples of meiotic drive, or ultraselfish DNA (Wu and Hammer 1991).
As a result, the Star Ledger reported: "The Senate yesterday passed a bill that would expand the list of activities exempted from the [law] to include the killing or disposal of a Norway brown rat, black rat, and house mouse.