House Mouse

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House Mouse


(Mus musculus), a mammal of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia. The body measures 7-10.8 cm long and the tail, 4.2-10.2 cm. The house mouse is distributed almost throughout the world, except the arctic and antarctic. It is a wild species of southern origin. It utilizes the foodstuffs and domiciles of man, as a result of which it has extended its natural area of distribution greatly, living almost everywhere. Under natural conditions it digs short simple burrows or uses those of other rodents. The female gives birth to five-seven offspring. The house mouse is omnivorous. Under favorable wintering conditions and when there is abundant food, massive reproduction is possible and its numbers increase enormously. It is a pest of grain crops and destroys and fouls foodstuffs. Further, it harbors the carriers of plague; in southern regions it is the chief source of human infection with tularemia. The house mouse served as the starting point for breeding pure strains of mice used in genetic and other experimental work as laboratory animals.


Argiropulo, A. I. Semeistvo Muridaemyshi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. (Fauna SSSR. Mlekopytaiushchie, vol. 3, fasc. 5.)
Tupikova, N. V. “Ekologiia domovoi myshi srednei polosy SSSR.”
In Materialy k poznaniiu fauny i flory SSSR; fasc. 2: Fauna i ekologiia gryzunov. Moscow, 1947.
Freye, H. A., and H. Freye. Die Hausmaus. Wittenberg, 1960.


References in periodicals archive ?
Eleven researchers entered the barn inhabited by house mice and monitored/handled the animals every 2-3 days without the use of specific personal protective equipment, except for disposable gloves; some of the mice were later found to be infected with F.
The anogenital distance index, a predictor of the intrauterine position effects on reproduction in female house mice.
House mice thrive on this kind of mixed diet, including the candle; the field mouse's more restricted menu reflects not so much high-minded selection as simple availability.
House mice, three times the size of those in the UK, attack at night and are devouring more than one million petrel, shearwater and albatross chicks on Gough Island every year.
The survey also showed an increase of 9% of summer rats and 1% of house mice in the North East.
With the zoo's high densities of rodents (deer mice, white-footed mice, house mice, shrews, moles, and Norway rats), a relatively high density of rodent predators could be achieved.
The pounds 18 million Biomedical Research Support Building, expected to open at the end of next year, will house mice, rats, frogs, ferrets and Rhesus Macaque monkeys.
Common house mice have not shown signs that they are carriers, and there is no evidence that hantavirus can be spread from person to person.
HOUSE mice may be a major contributor to asthma among inner-city children, according to US scientists.
Other threats include predation by domestic cats and competition from house mice, both of which are associated with beachside development.
Typically found in basements and attics, house mice breed rapidly and can bring other pests with them such as fleas, mites and ticks.