House of Worship


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House of Worship

 

a building intended for the performance of divine services and religious rituals. Types of houses of worship and the history of their development are determined not only by religious requirements but also by the general development of architecture and building techniques among different peoples in various countries. The architecture of all types of houses of worship (ancient sanctuary, Christian church, Muslim mosque, Jewish synagogue, Buddhist temple) has been influenced by the development of architecture in various countries and has, thus, acquired a vivid national distinctiveness. The importance of a house of worship often goes beyond the cult functions carried out and the religious ideas embodied. Conceptions of the universe are reflected in the symbolism of the architecture and ornament.

In many eras, particularly during the Middle Ages in Europe, houses of worship were also used for public meetings and secular ceremonies and served as memorials to individuals or events. Monumental houses of worship stood out among ordinary buildings and were located in the focal points of cities, having a great effect on urban planning. In the age of capitalism the design of houses of worship became eclectic. Only in the second half of the 20th century has the design of houses of worship become, in comparison with other branches of construction, less subject to practical and economic demands, attracting architects interested in new forms and lighting effects and in new emotionally expressive spatial solutions based on the use of new combinations of old designs. In the USSR those houses of worship that are outstanding monuments of national architecture are protected by the state.

References in periodicals archive ?
If it hadn't been for Lila and her friends -- including cowboy movie and TV stars Roy Rogers and his wife, Dale Evans -- fighting to keep their old house of worship from the wrecking ball, the Pioneer Church would have been just another memory of what used to be in the San Fernando Valley.
It must truly be a religious city because every Public House of Worship was very busy.
Wybron truly reflects the best of what a lighting manufacturer can deliver to the house of worship space," said Taylor.
Special effects such as moving lights and haze can be introduced to the mix, but its important that these elements match the culture of each house of worship and reflect its unique personality.
GE-l said he is pleased to visit the Alevi house of worship and "listened and took notes" when DE-zgE-n spoke.
The House of Worship with its beautiful environment transmits a message on how to celebrate the differences existing in the society" Dr.
James' Church restoration, "we are delighted to have been a part of the tremendous effort to refurbish this landmark house of worship.
What was going to be the foundation of my daughter's marriage--a religious ceremony at our church--is now a ceremony totally devoid of religion, celebrated at the Mormon house of worship.
Acton officials apparently saw no problem with giving taxpayer funding to an active church that enables the house of worship to spend more on religious programming.
SYDNEX Australia--On the fiftieth anniversary of Australia's Baha'i House of Worship, dignirtaries paid tribute to its contribution to the life of the community.
It is definitely being looked at as a hate crime,'' said Investigator Thomas Derby of the Los Angeles Fire Department, which is part of the House of Worship Task Force, a multi-agency unit that includes the Los Angeles Police Department, the FBI, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms.