House of York

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to House of York: House of Tudor, House of Lancaster

York, house of,

royal house of England, deriving its name from the creation of Edmund of Langley, fifth son of Edward III, as duke of York in 1385. The claims to the throne of Edmund's grandson, Richard, duke of York, in opposition to Henry VI of the house of Lancaster (see Lancaster, house ofLancaster, house of
, royal family of England. The line was founded by the second son of Henry III, Edmund Crouchback, 1245–96, who was created earl of Lancaster in 1267.
..... Click the link for more information.
), resulted in the Wars of the Roses (see Roses, Wars of theRoses, Wars of the,
traditional name given to the intermittent struggle (1455–85) for the throne of England between the noble houses of York (whose badge was a white rose) and Lancaster (later associated with the red rose).

About the middle of the 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
), so called because the badge of the house of York was a white rose, and a red rose was later attributed to the house of Lancaster. Richard's claim to the throne came not only from direct male descent from Edmund, but also through his mother Anne Mortimer, great-granddaughter of Lionel, duke of Clarence, who was the third son of Edward III. The royal members of the house of York were Edward IVEdward IV,
1442–83, king of England (1461–70, 1471–83), son of Richard, duke of York. He succeeded to the leadership of the Yorkist party (see Roses, Wars of the) after the death of his father in Wakefield in 1460.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Edward VEdward V,
1470–83?, king of England (1483), elder son of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. His father's death (1483) left the boy king the pawn of the conflicting ambitions of his paternal uncle, the duke of Gloucester (later Richard III) and his maternal uncle, Earl
..... Click the link for more information.
, and Richard IIIRichard III,
1452–85, king of England (1483–85), younger brother of Edward IV. Created duke of Gloucester at Edward's coronation (1461), he served his brother faithfully during Edward's lifetime—fighting at Barnet and Tewkesbury and later invading Scotland.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The marriage of the Lancastrian Henry VII to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Edward IV, united the houses of York and Lancaster. Henry was the first of the Tudor kings.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

York, House of


a dynasty of British kings (1461–85), a branch of the Plantagenets. It traces its origin to the fifth son of Edward III, Edmund, the duke of York. The first representative of the House of York on the British throne was Edward IV, who deposed Henry VI (a scion of another branch of the Plantagenets, the Lancasters) during the Wars of the Roses. His son, young Edward V, was deposed in 1483 by his uncle Richard III and was murdered in the Tower of London. After the defeat of Richard III in the battle with Henry Tudor at Bosworth (1485), the throne passed to the Tudors, remote kin of the Lancasters.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
His heir Henry VIII's subsequent break with Rome and divorce from Katherine of Aragon, in the hopes of siring a son, led to confrontation with the surviving member of the house of York. The Last White Rose concludes with Henry VIII's execution of Warwick's sister, the elderly Margaret, Countess of Salisbury in revenge for the actions of her son, Cardinal Pole.
The work Quartz is undertaking at The House of York is reckoned to be a prime example of how smaller and medium-sized housebuilders are making their mark on the regions' construction industry.
Food ingredients firm Kiril Mischeff, who bought House of York in 1997, are selling equipment, recipes, orders and the brand to Glisten.
It will allow Glisten to supply House of York 'swirl' and 'bonfire' toffees to retailers in the UK and abroad.
With the help of master manipulator Lord Warwick, aka The Kingmaker, the House of York's sexy young Edward IV (Max Irons, son of The Borgias' Jeremy, left) is crowned monarch.
The new House of York development will include 18 apartments in the converted period building with their own Charlotte Street entrance.
A total of 25 jobs have been put in jeopardy after House of York announced plans to sell the former Welch's factory in North Shields.
A scheming Richard, duke of Gloucester and younger brother of Edward IV of the house of York, resolves to inherit the crown of the ailing king and systematically plans the extermination of all who hinder his succession.
Lancastrian Henry VII married Elizabeth of the House of York, thus uniting the two dynasties.