Houssay, Bernardo Alberto

Houssay, Bernardo Alberto

(bārnär`dō älbār`tō ou`sī), 1887–1971, Argentine physiologist, b. Buenos Aires. He was a child prodigy, entering college at the age of 9 and becoming a hospital intern at 13. With C. F. and G. T. Cori he was awarded the 1947 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the functions of the pituitary gland. He demonstrated that a hormone secreted by the pituitary prevented metabolism of sugar and that injections of pituitary extract induced symptoms of diabetes. He was a founder and director of the Institute of Biology and Experimental Medicine in Buenos Aires. In 1949 he came to the United States as a special research fellow at the National Institute of Health.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Houssay, Bernardo Alberto

 

Born Apr. 10, 1887, in Buenos Aires; died there Sept. 21, 1971. Argentine physiologist. President of the Argentine Society of Biology.

Houssay graduated from the University of Buenos Aires; he became a professor there in 1910 and received the degree of doctor of medicine from the university the following year. He founded the Institute of Biology and Experimental Medicine in Buenos Aires and served as the institute’s director from 1943 to 1955.

Houssay’s main works dealt with physiology and endocrinology. He studied the hormones excreted by the thyroid and pituitary glands and by the adrenal cortex; he was particularly concerned with the part these hormones play in carbohydrate metabolism and in the disturbance of the metabolism in diabetes mellitus; he demonstrated that an injection of pituitary extract induces symptoms of diabetes.

Houssay was a foreign member of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, of the Royal Society of London, and of other societies and academies of sciences. He received a Nobel Prize in 1947.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.