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Houston Symphony.Founded in 1913 with 33 players, the orchestra reorganized in 1930 and presented its first full season of concerts in 1931. Among its important conductors have been Ernst Hoffmann (1936–47), Efrem Kurtz (1948–54), Leopold StokowskiStokowski, Leopold
, 1882–1977, American conductor, b. London. Stokowski studied in England and at the Paris Conservatory. He was organist and choirmaster at St. Bartholomew's Church, New York City (1905–8), and was conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony
..... Click the link for more information. (1955–61), Sir John BarbirolliBarbirolli, Sir John
, 1899–1970, English conductor and cellist, b. London. After being cellist (1920–24) in the International String Quartet, he organized the Barbirolli String Orchestra.
..... Click the link for more information. (1961–67), Sir André PrevinPrevin, Sir André
, 1929–2019, American conductor, composer, and pianist, b. Germany as Andreas Ludwig Priwin. His family fled Nazi Germany in 1938, and he became an American citizen in 1943.
..... Click the link for more information. (1967–69), Lawrence Foster (1971—78), Sergiu Comissiona (1979–88), Christoph EschenbachEschenbach, Christoph,
1940–, German conductor and pianist, b. Breslau, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland), as Christoph Ringmann. Orphaned during World War II, he was adopted by Wallydore Eschenbach, his mother's cousin, who taught him piano.
..... Click the link for more information. (1988–99), Hans Graf (2001–13), and Andrés Orozco-Estrada (2014–). The permanent home of the symphony is the Jesse H. Jones Hall for the Performing Arts, which opened in 1966 as part of Houston's Civic Center. Summer performances take place at the Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion and the Miller Outdoor Theatre.
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