Howard, Ebenezer

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Howard, Ebenezer


Born Jan. 29, 1850, in London; died May 1, 1928, in Welwyn Garden City. English urban planner and sociologist.

Howard lived in New York from 1872 to 1877, at which time he settled in London. Influenced by the social-utopian ideas of R. W. Emerson and E. Bellamy, he proposed the creation of garden cities and initiated the construction of the first such cities in Letchworth (1902–03) and Welwyn Garden City (1920). In 1899 he founded the Garden City Association.


To-Morrow. London, 1898.
Garden Cities of To-Morrow. London, 1902.
In Russian translation:
Howard, E. Goroda budushchego. St. Petersburg, 1911.


Macfadyen, D. Sir Ebenezer Howard and the Town Planning Movement. Cambridge [1970].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?