Howard, Sir Ebenezer

Howard, Sir Ebenezer,

1850–1928, English town planner, principal founder of the English garden-citygarden city,
an ideal, self-contained community of predetermined area and population surrounded by a greenbelt. As formulated by Sir Ebenezer Howard, the garden city was intended to bring together the economic and cultural advantages of both city and country living, with land
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 movement. His To-morrow: a Peaceful Path to Real Reform (1898), reissued as Garden Cities of To-morrow (1902), outlined a model self-sustaining town that would combine town conveniences and industries with the advantages of an agricultural location. As a result of the first publication he was able to form (1899) the Garden City Association, and, in 1903 Letchworth, the first English garden city, was founded. In 1920 he organized Welwyn Garden City.

Bibliography

See D. Macfadyen, Sir Ebenezer Howard and the Town Planning Movement (1933).

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Howard, Sir Ebenezer

(1850–1928)
English proponent of the Garden City movement; published Garden Cities of Tomorrow in 1902. Howard’s ideas led to the new-town policy adopted in Britain after World War II.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved