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Carter, Howard,1874–1939, English Egyptologist. He served (1891–99) with the Egyptian Exploration Fund and later helped to reorganize the antiquities administration for the Egyptian government. Carter's successful excavations (1906–22) with Lord Carnarvon in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt, include the tombs of Amenophis I, Hatshepsut, and Thutmose IV. His greatest achievement was the discovery in 1922 of the tomb of Tutankhamen. With A. C. Mace he wrote The Tomb of Tut.ankh.amen (3 vol., 1923–33; repr. 1963).
See C. W. Ceram, Gods, Graves and Scholars (2d ed. 1967); B. Wynne, Behind the Mask of Tutankhamen (1972).
Born May 9, 1873, in Swaffham, Norfolk; died Mar. 2, 1939, in London. British archaeologist.
Carter did his first excavations in Egypt in 1891 in the vicinity of Tell el-Amarna and at other sites of Upper Egypt. In 1902 he began conducting excavations in the Valley of the Kings. In 1922 he discovered the tomb of Tutankhamen, a pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty (15th century b.c.), in which many art remains were found.
WORKSCarter, H., and A. Mace. The Tomb of Tut-ankh-Amen Discovered by the Late Earl of Carnarvon and H. Carter, vols. 1–3. London-New York, 1923–33.
Grobnitsa Tutankhamona. Moscow, 1959. (Translated from English).