Howard Walter Florey
Florey, Howard Walter
Born Sept. 24, 1898, in Adelaide, Australia; died Feb. 21, 1968, in Oxford. British pathologist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London from 1941 and its president from 1960 to 1965.
Florey graduated from the University of Adelaide in 1921 and studied at Oxford University from 1921 to 1924. In 1925 and 1926 he worked in laboratories in the United States. In 1927 he taught at Cambridge University. In 1931 he became a professor of pathology at the University of Sheffield, and from 1935 to 1962 he was a professor in the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology at Oxford. From 1962 to 1968 he was provost of Queen’s College at Oxford.
Florey’s main works dealt with the pathology of the capillary circulation, inflammatory processes, lymphocyte functions, lysozyme, and antibiotics of microbial origin. Florey directed work on the purification of penicillin, jointly with E. Chain, and in 1940 he was the first to use penicillin successfully in the treatment of animals and man.
Florey was a foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1966) and a member of many other organizations, including the National Academy of Sciences of the United States. In 1945 he shared a Nobel Prize with A. Fleming and E. Chain.