Howland Island


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Howland Island,

uninhabited island (.73 sq mi/1.89 sq km), central Pacific near the equator, c.1,620 mi (2610 km) SW of Honolulu. The island was discovered by American traders and was claimed by the United States in 1856, along with Jarvis IslandJarvis Island,
island, 1.7 sq mi (4.4 sq km), central Pacific, one of the Line Islands, just south of the equator and c.1,300 mi (2,090 km) S of Honolulu. Known to British and American mariners, it was claimed in 1856 by the United States along with Howland Island and Baker
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 and Baker IslandBaker Island,
uninhabited island, 1 sq mi (2.6 sq km), central Pacific, near the equator, c.1,650 mi (2,660 km) SW of Honolulu. The arid coral island was discovered in 1832 by Capt. Michael Baker, an American, and was claimed by the United States in 1856.
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. The three islands were worked for guano deposits by British and American companies during the 19th cent. The guano industry declined, and the islands were forgotten until they became a stop on the air route to Australia. American colonists were brought from Hawaii in 1935 in order to establish U.S. control against British claims, but the colony was disbanded at the outbreak of World War II. While en route to Howland Island in 1937 the aviator Amelia EarhartEarhart, Amelia
, 1897–1937, American aviator, b. Atchison, Kans. She was the first woman to cross the Atlantic by airplane (1928) and the first woman to make a solo flight across the Atlantic (1932).
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 was lost in the Pacific. Howland Island is administered by the U.S. Dept. of the Interior, and since 2009 has been part of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National MonumentPacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument,
c.490,000 sq mi (1,260,000 sq km), central Pacific Ocean; est. 2009. The monument comprises the waters and reefs surrounding seven islands and atolls, and in most cases the island lands are managed as wildlife refuges as well.
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.

Howland Island

a small island in the central Pacific, near the equator northwest of Phoenix Island: US airfield. Area: 2.6 sq. km (1 sq. mile)
References in periodicals archive ?
There have been several conspiracy theories surrounding Earhart's disappearance, including the crash and sink theory, which states Earhart's plane ran out of gas and the plane crashed into the open ocean somewhere in the vicinity of Howland Island.
In 2009, Ted Waitt, a wealthy co-founder of a computer company, financed a search of the ocean floor on the west side of Howland Island using autonomous underwater roving vehicles.
Investigators believe the photo was taken in the 1930s on the Marshall Islands, north west of Howland Island.
1937: American aviator Amelia Earhart Putnam and her co-pilot, Fred Noonan, were lost near Howland Island in the Pacific during their attempt to fly round the world.
On July 2, in the course of completing a 2,556-mile leg between New Guinea and Howland Island in the mid-Pacific, Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan disappeared.
Earhart: Word is that we can refuel on Howland Island.
From time to time, I reflect with empathy on the task that Fred Noonan had on his ill-fated flight with Amelia Earhart to Howland Island in 1937.
After studying radio logs from the Coast Guard cutter Itasca that provided navigational aid to Earhart, TIGAR believes she landed on Nikumaroro Island (Gardner Island in the 1930s) in the Phoenix Islands, some 300 miles southeast of her target destination, Howland Island.
She and navigator Fred Noonan were on the final leg across the Pacific to Howland Island.
The second half covers the fateful flight to Howland Island, the realization that Earhart was missing, and the fairly lengthy effort to search for her.
274(h) requirements include American Samoa, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Baker Island, Barbados, Bermuda, Canada, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guam, Guyana, Honduras, Howland Island, Jamaica, Jarvis Island, Johnston Island, Klingman Reef, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Micronesia, Midway Islands, Netherlands Antilles, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Palmyra Atoll, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, U.