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Howlin' Wolf,1910–76, African-American blues singer and composer, b. White Station, Miss., as Chester Arthur Burnett. Exposed to blues performers from childhood, he sang locally and organized his first band in West Memphis, Tenn., in 1948. Darkly expressive, his growling, raspy voice, accompanied by his slide guitar and harmonica, came to wider public attention with his first hit, "Moanin' at Midnight," in 1951. Moving to Chicago, he and his friend and rival Muddy WatersWaters, Muddy,
1915–83, African-American blues singer and guitarist, b. Rolling Fork, Miss., as McKinley Morganfield. As a teenager he began singing and playing traditional country blues on harmonica and guitar, and in 1941 he was recorded by Alan Lomax for the Library of
..... Click the link for more information. became major figures in the transformation of the traditional acoustic Delta blues into the amplified, contemporary, and urban electric blues. For two decades (1955–75) he made concert tours across the United States. Like Waters, he was an important influence on the Rolling StonesRolling Stones,
English rock music group that rose to prominence in the mid-1960s and continues to exert great influence. Members have included singer Mick Jagger (Michael Phillip Jagger), 1943–; guitarists Brian Jones
..... Click the link for more information. , with whom he performed in the mid-1960s, and other British rockers.
See biography by J. Segrest and M. Hoffman (2004).
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Howlin’ Wolf (nickname of Chester Arthur Burnett)(1910–76) musician; born in West Point, Miss. A blues singer, bandleader, and larger-than-life personality, he was one of the giants of post-World War II electric blues whose songs were a staple of rock's early repertoire. He toured extensively between 1955–75, including concert and television appearances with the Rolling Stones in 1965, the year after the release of his only pop hit, "Smokestack Lightning." He was inducted into the Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame in 1991.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.